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Gender Pairings and Accountability Effect

  • Jordi Brandts

    ()

  • Orsola Garofalo

    ()

We conduct an experiment to investigate how the gender composition of an audience interacts with the gender of a player thereby shaping her/his degree of responsibility in decision-making. Together with measures of accountability based on decision theory, we employ two physiological measures, the blood pressure and heart rate, that allow us to disentangle the separate effects of stress and accountability in decisionmaking. Our results show that men are more sensitive to changes in the gender composition of the audience; specifically, men lower their accountability when paired with women. By contrast, women display a level of accountability that does not change with gender pairing.

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Paper provided by University of Siena in its series Labsi Experimental Economics Laboratory University of Siena with number 034.

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Date of creation: Nov 2010
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Handle: RePEc:usi:labsit:034
Contact details of provider: Postal: Piazza San Francesco 7, 53100 Siena
Web page: http://www.depfid.unisi.it/

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  1. Stanley M. Atkinson & Samantha Boyce Baird & Melissa B. Frye, 2003. "Do Female Mutual Fund Managers Manage Differently?," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 26(1), pages 1-18.
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  8. Sutter, Matthias & Bosman, R. & Kocher, Martin G. & van Winden, Frans, 2009. "Gender pairing and bargaining-Beware the same sex!," Munich Reprints in Economics 18217, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  9. Muriel Niederle & Lise Vesterlund, 2007. "Do Women Shy Away from Competition? Do Men Compete Too Much?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 122(3), pages 1067-1101, 08.
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  11. Arkes, Hal R. & Christensen, Caryn & Lai, Cheryl & Blumer, Catherine, 1987. "Two methods of reducing overconfidence," Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, Elsevier, vol. 39(1), pages 133-144, February.
  12. David A. Matsa & Amalia R. Miller, 2013. "A Female Style in Corporate Leadership? Evidence from Quotas," American Economic Journal: Applied Economics, American Economic Association, vol. 5(3), pages 136-69, July.
  13. Eckel, Catherine C & Grossman, Philip J, 2001. "Chivalry and Solidarity in Ultimatum Games," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 39(2), pages 171-88, April.
  14. Maria Fernanda Rivas, 2008. "An experiment on corruption and gender," ThE Papers 08/10, Department of Economic Theory and Economic History of the University of Granada..
  15. Uri Gneezy & Aldo Rustichini, 2004. "Gender and Competition at a Young Age," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(2), pages 377-381, May.
  16. Uri Gneezy & Muriel Niederle & Aldo Rustichini, 2003. "Performance In Competitive Environments: Gender Differences," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 118(3), pages 1049-1074, August.
  17. Ferdinand Vieider, 2011. "Separating real incentives and accountability," Experimental Economics, Springer, vol. 14(4), pages 507-518, November.
  18. Dwyer, Peggy D. & Gilkeson, James H. & List, John A., 2002. "Gender differences in revealed risk taking: evidence from mutual fund investors," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 76(2), pages 151-158, July.
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