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Gender Pairings and Accountability Effect

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  • Jordi Brandts

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  • Orsola Garofalo

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Abstract

We conduct an experiment to investigate how the gender composition of an audience interacts with the gender of a player thereby shaping her/his degree of responsibility in decision-making. Together with measures of accountability based on decision theory, we employ two physiological measures, the blood pressure and heart rate, that allow us to disentangle the separate effects of stress and accountability in decisionmaking. Our results show that men are more sensitive to changes in the gender composition of the audience; specifically, men lower their accountability when paired with women. By contrast, women display a level of accountability that does not change with gender pairing.

Suggested Citation

  • Jordi Brandts & Orsola Garofalo, 2010. "Gender Pairings and Accountability Effect," Labsi Experimental Economics Laboratory University of Siena 034, University of Siena.
  • Handle: RePEc:usi:labsit:034
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Matthias Sutter & Ronald Bosman & Martin Kocher & Frans Winden, 2009. "Gender pairing and bargaining—Beware the same sex!," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 12(3), pages 318-331, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. Dulleck, Uwe & Fooken, Jonas & Newton, Cameron & Ristl, Andrea & Schaffner, Markus & Torgler, Benno, 2016. "Tax compliance and psychic costs: Behavioral experimental evidence using a physiological marker," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 134(C), pages 9-18.
    2. Mathieu Lefebvre & Ferdinand Vieider, 2013. "Reining in excessive risk-taking by executives: the effect of accountability," Theory and Decision, Springer, vol. 75(4), pages 497-517, October.
    3. repec:eee:jeborg:v:141:y:2017:i:c:p:96-109 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Boschini, Anne & Dreber, Anna & von Essen, Emma & Muren, Astri & Ranehill, Eva, 2014. "Gender and economic preferences in a large random sample," Research Papers in Economics 2014:6, Stockholm University, Department of Economics.
    5. Di Girolamo, Amalia & Drouvelis, Michalis, 2015. "The role of gender composition and size of the group in a minimum effort game," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 137(C), pages 168-170.
    6. repec:qut:qubewp:001 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Ludwig, Sandra & Fellner-Röhling, Gerlinde & Thoma, Carmen, 2017. "Do women have more shame than men? An experiment on self-assessment and the shame of overestimating oneself," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 92(C), pages 31-46.
    8. Liang, Pinghan & Meng, Juanjuan, 2016. "Favor transmission and social image concern: An experimental study," Journal of Behavioral and Experimental Economics (formerly The Journal of Socio-Economics), Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 14-21.
    9. repec:eee:jeborg:v:136:y:2017:i:c:p:15-28 is not listed on IDEAS
    10. Jordi Brandts & Cristina Rott, 2017. "Advice from Women and Men and Selection into Competition," Working Papers 1007, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
    11. repec:qut:qubewp:wp003 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Jonas Fooken & Markus Schaffner, 2013. "The role of psychological and physiological factors in decision making under risk and in a dilemma," QuBE Working Papers 010, QUT Business School.
    13. Xiao, Erte, 2012. "Justification and cooperation," MPRA Paper 36120, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    accountability; gender differences; simple and compound events; physiological measurements.;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • D71 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Social Choice; Clubs; Committees; Associations

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