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Location of multiple server common service centers or public facilities for minimizing general congestion and travel cost functions

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Abstract

We propose a model and solution methods, for locating a fixed number of multiple-server, congestible common service centers or congestible public facilities. Locations are chosen so to minimize consumers’ congestion (or queuing) and travel costs, considering that all the demand must be served. Customers choose the facilities to which they travel in order to receive service at minimum travel and congestion cost. As a proxy for this criterion, total travel and waiting costs are minimized. The travel cost is a general function of the origin and destination of the demand, while the congestion cost is a general function of the number of customers in queue at the facilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Serra, 2003. "Location of multiple server common service centers or public facilities for minimizing general congestion and travel cost functions," Economics Working Papers 658, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:658
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rolland, Erik & Schilling, David A. & Current, John R., 1997. "An efficient tabu search procedure for the p-Median Problem," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 96(2), pages 329-342, January.
    2. Michel Gendreau & Alain Hertz & Gilbert Laporte, 1994. "A Tabu Search Heuristic for the Vehicle Routing Problem," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 40(10), pages 1276-1290, October.
    3. Marianov, Vladimir & Serra, Daniel & ReVelle, Charles, 1999. "Location of hubs in a competitive environment," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 114(2), pages 363-371, April.
    4. Marianov, Vladimir & Serra, Daniel, 2001. "Hierarchical location-allocation models for congested systems," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 135(1), pages 195-208, November.
    5. J. MUYSKENS & C. de Neubourg, 1986. "Introduction," Discussion Papers (REL - Recherches Economiques de Louvain) 1986031, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Location modelling; congestion costs;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • J80 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Standards - - - General

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