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The Danish Model and the Globalizing Learning Economy: Lessons for Developing Countries

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  • Lundvall, Bengt-Ake

Abstract

Although Denmark shares with the other four Nordic countries certain attributes, such as pragmatic protestant religion, small and homogenous population, strong social democratic parties and ambitious welfare states, it also has its own characteristics. High degree of specialization in the so-called low-tech sectors, combined with high mobility and income security in labour markets (flexicurity), contributes to making the Danish system unique in the world. Denmark has experienced some stagnation in its growth over the last decade but still ranks among the top ten in the world in terms of GNP per capita, registered unemployment is less than 2 per cent (as of June 2008) while the inflation rate has remained moderate. These goals for economic policy have been realized in an environment with a high degree of income equality. In this paper we use the concepts .innovation system., .the learning economy. and .learning modes. to analyse the evolution of the Danish model and what can be learnt from it.

Suggested Citation

  • Lundvall, Bengt-Ake, 2009. "The Danish Model and the Globalizing Learning Economy: Lessons for Developing Countries," WIDER Working Paper Series 018, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:rp2009-18
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    File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/RP2009-18.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jensen, Morten Berg & Johnson, Bjorn & Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt Ake, 2007. "Forms of knowledge and modes of innovation," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 36(5), pages 680-693, June.
    2. Edward Lorenz & B.-A. Lundvall, 2006. "How Europe's Economies Learn," Post-Print halshs-00483659, HAL.
    3. Bengt-ake Lundvall & Bjorn Johnson, 1994. "The Learning Economy," Industry and Innovation, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 1(2), pages 23-42.
    4. B.-A. Lundvall & P. Rasmussen & Edward Lorenz, 2008. "Education in the Learning Economy," Post-Print halshs-00464519, HAL.
    5. Anthony Arundel & Edward Lorenz & Bengt-Åke Lundvall & Antoine Valeyre, 2007. "How Europe's economies learn: a comparison of work organization and innovation mode for the EU-15," Industrial and Corporate Change, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(6), pages 1175-1210, December.
    6. Lorenz, Edward & Lundvall, Bengt-Ake (ed.), 2006. "How Europe's Economies Learn: Coordinating Competing Models," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780199203192.
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    Cited by:

    1. Floater, Graham & Rode, Philipp & Zenghelis, Dimitri, 2014. "Copenhagen: green economy leader report," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 60781, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. Juhana Vartiainen, 2010. "The Nordic Development and Growth Models: The Riddle is Still There but We May be a Little Bit Wiser," WIDER Working Paper Series 116, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item

    Keywords

    economic development; welfare state; social cohesion; innovation;

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