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The Nordic Development and Growth Models: The Riddle is Still There but We May be a Little Bit Wiser

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  • Juhana Vartiainen

Abstract

The Nordic countries are often bundled together, as representatives of a ‘model’ which combines high living standards and an open market economy with social insurance and ambitious public services. Yet, the economic and political development of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden towards this model has taken quite different roads. Sweden’s economic development from the late nineteenth century onwards can be seen as a rather spontaneous industrial breakthrough, whereas the state has in both Norway and Finland assumed a more active and interventionist role in mobilizing resources and managing natural endowments. However, the four countries are quite similar in their acceptance of the market economy, technical progress and economic openness, coupled with a pursuit of equality and a state that has alleviated resistance to change by signalling a will to share the gains and losses due to structural change.

Suggested Citation

  • Juhana Vartiainen, 2010. "The Nordic Development and Growth Models: The Riddle is Still There but We May be a Little Bit Wiser," WIDER Working Paper Series 116, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
  • Handle: RePEc:unu:wpaper:wp2010-116
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    File URL: http://www.wider.unu.edu/sites/default/files/wp2010-116.pdf
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    1. Lundvall, Bengt-Ake, 2009. "The Danish Model and the Globalizing Learning Economy: Lessons for Developing Countries," WIDER Working Paper Series 018, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
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    Keywords

    Nordic economic development;

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