The scarring effect of unemployment in ten European countries : an analysis based on the ECHP
This paper investigates the effect of unemployment on earnings for ten European countries. Using an harmonised database (ECHP), we estimate the impact of declared unemployment on individuals while taking account of attrition and unobserved individual heterogeneity. We find that the unemployment effect differs by country and gender. The wage penalty is greater for men than for women. It is also higher in the more flexible economies. We suggest that labour market institutions such as unemployment benefits and wage-setting institutions may be avenues of investigation to explain these differences.
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- Leonard, Jonathan & Van Audenrode, Marc, 1995. "The Duration of Unemployment and the Persistence of Wages," CEPR Discussion Papers 1227, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Olivia Ekert-Jaffe & Isabelle Terraz, 2005. "L'État et la cellule familiale sont-ils substituables dans la prise en charge des chômeurs en Europe ? [Une comparaison s'appuyant sur le panel européen]," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 387(1), pages 65-83.
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