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Volume, Volatility, Price and Profit When All Trader Are Above Average

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  • Terrance Odean.

Abstract

Psychological studies establish that people are usually overconfident and that they systematically overweight some types of information while underweighting others. How overconfidence affects a financial market depends on who in the market is overconfident and on how information is distributed. This paper examines markets in which price-taking traders, a strategic-trading insider, and risk-averse market-makers are overconfident. It also analyzes the effects of overconfidence when information is costly. In all scenarios, overconfidence increases expected trading volume and market depth while lowering the expected utility of those who are overconfident. However, its effect on volatility and price quality depend on who is overconfident. Overconfident traders can cause markets to underreact to the information of rational traders. Markets also underreact to abstract, statistical, or highly relevant information, while they overreact to salient, anecdotal, or less relevant information.
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Suggested Citation

  • Terrance Odean., 1996. "Volume, Volatility, Price and Profit When All Trader Are Above Average," Research Program in Finance Working Papers RPF-266, University of California at Berkeley.
  • Handle: RePEc:ucb:calbrf:rpf-266
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