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Public Mass Modern Education and Inter-Religious Human Capital Differentials in Twentieth-Century Egypt

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  • Saleh, Mohamed

Abstract

Public mass modern education was a major pillar of state-led development in the post-Colonial developing world. I examine the impact of Egypt’s transformation in 1953 of traditional elementary schools (kuttabs), which served the masses, into public modern primary schools on the Christian-Muslim educational and occupational differentials, which were in favor of Christians. The reform allowed kuttabs’ graduates access to higher stages of education, which were confined to modern primary schools’ graduates. Exploiting the variation in exposure to the reform across cohorts and districts of birth among adult males in 1986, I find that the reform reduced the inter-religious socioeconomic differentials.

Suggested Citation

  • Saleh, Mohamed, 2012. "Public Mass Modern Education and Inter-Religious Human Capital Differentials in Twentieth-Century Egypt," TSE Working Papers 12-366, Toulouse School of Economics (TSE), revised Aug 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:tse:wpaper:26115
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    Keywords

    public mass education; religious schools; Middle East; human capital; inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • I24 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Education and Inequality
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy
    • N35 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Asia including Middle East

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