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Asymptotically UMP Panel Unit Root Tests

Author

Listed:
  • Becheri, I.G.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • Drost, F.C.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

  • van den Akker, R.

    (Tilburg University, Center For Economic Research)

Abstract

Abstract This paper considers optimal unit root tests for a Gaussian cross-sectionally independent heterogeneous panel with incidental intercepts and heterogeneous alternatives generated by random perturbations. We derive the (asymptotic and local) power envelope for two models: an auxiliary model where both the panel units and the random perturbations are observed, and the second one, the model of main interest, for which only the panel units are observed. We show that both models are Locally Asymptotically Normal (LAN). It turns out that there is an information loss: the power envelope for the auxiliary model is above the envelope for the model of main interest. Equality only holds if the alternatives are homogeneous. Our results exactly identify in which setting the unit root test of Moon, Perron, and Phillips (2007) is asymptotically UMP and, in fact, they show it is not possible to exploit possible heterogeneity in the alternatives, confirming a conjecture of Breitung and Pesaran (2008). Moreover, we propose a new asymptotically optimal test and we extend the results to a model allowing for cross-sectional dependence.

Suggested Citation

  • Becheri, I.G. & Drost, F.C. & van den Akker, R., 2013. "Asymptotically UMP Panel Unit Root Tests," Discussion Paper 2013-017, Tilburg University, Center for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:tiu:tiucen:e34b7d23-8e53-4cea-ba69-55481af16647
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    File URL: https://pure.uvt.nl/portal/files/1510207/2013-017.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Michael Jansson, 2008. "Semiparametric Power Envelopes for Tests of the Unit Root Hypothesis," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 76(5), pages 1103-1142, September.
    2. Moon, Hyungsik Roger & Perron, Benoit & Phillips, Peter C.B., 2007. "Incidental trends and the power of panel unit root tests," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 141(2), pages 416-459, December.
    3. Joakim Westerlund & Jörg Breitung, 2013. "Lessons from a Decade of IPS and LLC," Econometric Reviews, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(5-6), pages 547-591.
    4. Moon, H.R.Hyungsik Roger & Perron, Benoit, 2004. "Testing for a unit root in panels with dynamic factors," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 122(1), pages 81-126, September.
    5. Jörg Breitung & Samarjit Das, 2005. "Panel unit root tests under cross-sectional dependence," Statistica Neerlandica, Netherlands Society for Statistics and Operations Research, vol. 59(4), pages 414-433.
    6. repec:hal:journl:peer-00834424 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Harris, David & Harvey, David I. & Leybourne, Stephen J. & Sakkas, Nikolaos D., 2010. "Local Asymptotic Power Of The Im-Pesaran-Shin Panel Unit Root Test And The Impact Of Initial Observations," Econometric Theory, Cambridge University Press, vol. 26(01), pages 311-324, February.
    8. Vaart,A. W. van der, 2000. "Asymptotic Statistics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521784504, October.
    9. Hyungsik Roger Moon & Benoit Perron, 2008. "Asymptotic local power of pooled t-ratio tests for unit roots in panels with fixed effects," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 11(1), pages 80-104, March.
    10. Peter C. B. Phillips & Hyungsik R. Moon, 1999. "Linear Regression Limit Theory for Nonstationary Panel Data," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(5), pages 1057-1112, September.
    11. Drost, F.C. & van den Akker, R. & Werker, B.J.M., 2009. "The asymptotic structure of nearly unstable non negative integer-valued AR(1) models," Other publications TiSEM ac0494ae-7a32-43ca-b5b4-d, Tilburg University, School of Economics and Management.
    12. Banerjee, Anindya, 1999. " Panel Data Unit Roots and Cointegration: An Overview," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 61(0), pages 607-629, Special I.
    13. Edith Madsen, 2010. "Unit root inference in panel data models where the time-series dimension is fixed: a comparison of different tests," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 13(1), pages 63-94, February.
    14. Hallin, Marc & van den Akker, Ramon & Werker, Bas J.M., 2011. "A class of simple distribution-free rank-based unit root tests," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 163(2), pages 200-214, August.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    panel unit root test; Local Asymptotic Normality; limit experiment; asymptotic power envelope; information loss;

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models

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