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Effectiveness of Large Scale Water and Sanitation Interventions: the One Million Initiative in Mozambique

Author

Listed:
  • Chris Elbers

    () (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Samuel Godfrey

    () (UNICEF Mozambique)

  • Jan Willem Gunning

    () (VU University Amsterdam)

  • Matteus van der Velden

    () (UNICEF Mozambique)

  • Melinda Vigh

    () (VU University Amsterdam)

Abstract

The One Million Initiative aims to give one million people in rural Mozambique access to clean drinking water and adequate sanitation by constructing new water points and providing sanitation training. We use panel survey data for 1600 households to analyze the health impact of the Initiative. The paper moves beyond a black box evaluation by analyzing the contribution of various channels through which the interventions affected health. To our knowledge this is the first rigorous evaluation of such a large scale program in the water and sanitation sector. We find that the water point intervention had a sizeable impact on the use of improved water sources and on the health of young children (up to 3 years), while the sanitation training had a strong impact on latrine ownership and on the health of both adults and older children.

Suggested Citation

  • Chris Elbers & Samuel Godfrey & Jan Willem Gunning & Matteus van der Velden & Melinda Vigh, 2012. "Effectiveness of Large Scale Water and Sanitation Interventions: the One Million Initiative in Mozambique," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 12-069/2, Tinbergen Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:tin:wpaper:20120069
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    File URL: http://papers.tinbergen.nl/12069.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jalan, Jyotsna & Ravallion, Martin, 2003. "Does piped water reduce diarrhea for children in rural India?," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 112(1), pages 153-173, January.
    2. Cameron,A. Colin & Trivedi,Pravin K., 2008. "Microeconometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9787111235767, April.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    impact evaluation; water and sanitation programs; health impact;

    JEL classification:

    • I15 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health and Economic Development
    • I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs

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