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Self-Stabilizing Firms and Unemployment Persistence

  • Ali Choudhary

    (University of Surrey)

  • Paul Levine

    (University of Surrey)

The question of why the unemployment rate takes a long time before it reverts back to its natural-rate following a negative exogenous shock has been the subject of unremitting interest in macroeconomics. This paper shows that the speed of adjustment to the steady-state unemployment and the degree of risk-aversion in firms are positively related. The reason is that risk-aversion in firms creates a self-adjusting mechanism whereby cautious firms try to vigorously regain the pre-shock employment levels in an attempt to minimize fluctuations in profits.

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File URL: http://www.fahs.surrey.ac.uk/economics/discussion_papers/2003/DP03-03.pdf
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Paper provided by School of Economics, University of Surrey in its series School of Economics Discussion Papers with number 0303.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Feb 2003
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:sur:surrec:0303
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  1. Orszag, J. Michael & Zoega, Gylfi, 1996. "Wages ahead of demand," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 53(3), pages 341-347, December.
  2. Snower, Dennis J. & Karanassou, Marika & Henry, Brian, 1999. "Adjustment Dynamics and the Natural Rate: An Account of UK Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 75, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
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  4. Stephen L. Parente & Edward C. Prescott, 2002. "Barriers to Riches," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262661306, June.
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  6. Olivier J. Blanchard & Lawrence H. Summers, 1986. "Hysteresis and the European Unemployment Problem," Working papers 427, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  7. Bentolila, Samuel & Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Firing Costs and Labour Demand: How Bad Is Eurosclerosis?," Review of Economic Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 57(3), pages 381-402, July.
  8. Phelps, Edmund S & Zoega, Gylfi, 1998. "Natural-Rate Theory and OECD Unemployment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(448), pages 782-801, May.
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  11. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1981. "Implicit Contracts, Moral Hazard, and Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 71(2), pages 301-07, May.
  12. Hoon, Hian Teck & Phelps, Edmund S, 1992. "Macroeconomic Shocks in a Dynamized Model of the Natural Rate of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 889-900, September.
  13. MacCrimmon, Kenneth R & Wehrung, Donald A, 1984. "The Risk In-Basket," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 57(3), pages 367-87, July.
  14. Orszag, Mike & Zoega, Gylfi, 1996. "Hiring Risk and Labour Market Equilibrium," CEPR Discussion Papers 1314, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  15. Karanassou, Marika & Snower, Dennis J, 1998. "How Labour Market Flexibility Affects Unemployment: Long-Term Implications of the Chain Reaction Theory," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(448), pages 832-49, May.
  16. Calvo, Guillermo, 1979. "Quasi-Walrasian Theories of Unemployment," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 102-07, May.
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  19. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521104609 is not listed on IDEAS
  20. Laurence Boone & Claude Giorno & Mara Meacci & Dave Rae & Pete Richardson & Dave Turner, 2001. "Estimating the structural rate of unemployment for the OECD countries," OECD Economic Studies, OECD Publishing, vol. 2001(2), pages 171-216.
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  22. Bertola, Giuseppe, 1990. "Job security, employment and wages," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 34(4), pages 851-879, June.
  23. Kenneth R. MacCrimmon & Donald A. Wehrung, 1990. "Characteristics of Risk Taking Executives," Management Science, INFORMS, vol. 36(4), pages 422-435, April.
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