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Entreprises, industries et assurance-chomage : une analyse des donnees sur les employeurs et les employes recueillies au Canada

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  • Chen, Wen-Hao
  • Corak, Miles

Abstract

L'analyse de donnees administratives devenues disponibles recemment dans un certain nombre de pays a mene a la conclusion qu'une etude minutieuse de l'interaction entre les caracteristiques de l'employeur et celles des employes est necessaire pour bien interpreter les resultats observes sur le marche du travail. L'objectif du present document est de developper ce theme grace a l'examen de la conception de la politique sociale et de son interaction avec le marche du travail, en mettant l'accent sur le regime canadien d'assurance chomage (a. c.). Des donnees administratives couvrant l'univers des employes, des entreprises et des prestataires de l'assurance chomage au Canada sur une periode de 11 ans sont utilisees afin d'examiner le fonctionnement de l'assurance chomage du point de vue de l'entreprise, en accordant une attention particuliere aux questions longitudinales que soulevent le profil et les causes de l'interfinancement. L'etude montre que des transferts persistants se produisent par la voie de l'assurance chomage au niveau tant de l'industrie que de l'entreprise. Cet interfinancement est le propre d'une petite fraction d'entreprises. Une analyse tenant compte des effets fixes d'entreprise montre que presque 60 % de la variation expliquee de l'interfinancement persistant est due a ce genre d'effets. Le calcul de la perte globale d'efficacite est tres sensible au niveau de detail des donnees sur les entreprises. Pour saisir pleinement la facon dont les programmes sociaux, comme celui de l'assurance chomage, interagissent avec le marche du travail, il faut tenir compte des caracteristiques des entreprises et de leurs pratiques en matiere de ressources humaines, et l'etude de cette interaction pourrait etre plus fructueuse si l'on utilisait des modeles du chomage a contrat implicite.

Suggested Citation

  • Chen, Wen-Hao & Corak, Miles, 2005. "Entreprises, industries et assurance-chomage : une analyse des donnees sur les employeurs et les employes recueillies au Canada," Direction des etudes analytiques : documents de recherche 2005260f, Statistics Canada, Direction des etudes analytiques.
  • Handle: RePEc:stc:stcp3f:2005260f
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Lin, Zhengxi, 1998. "Employment Insurance in Canada: Recent Trends and Policy Changes," Analytical Studies Branch Research Paper Series 1998125e, Statistics Canada, Analytical Studies Branch.
    2. Miles Corak, 1993. "Unemployment Insurance Once Again: The Incidence of Repeat Participation in the Canadian UI Program," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 19(2), pages 162-176, June.
    3. Topel, Robert H, 1983. "On Layoffs and Unemployment Insurance," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 541-559, September.
    4. John M. Abowd & Francis Kramarz & David N. Margolis, 1999. "High Wage Workers and High Wage Firms," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 67(2), pages 251-334, March.
    5. Lemieux, Thomas & MacLeod, W. Bentley, 2000. "Supply side hysteresis: the case of the Canadian unemployment insurance system," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 78(1-2), pages 139-170, October.
    6. Atkinson, Anthony B & Micklewright, John, 1991. "Unemployment Compensation and Labor Market Transitions: A Critical Review," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 29(4), pages 1679-1727, December.
    7. Denis Lawrence, 1989. "An Aggregator Model of Canadian Export Supply and Import Demand Responsiveness," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 22(3), pages 503-521, August.
    8. Baldwin,John R. & Gorecki,Paul, 1998. "The Dynamics of Industrial Competition," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521633574.
    9. Feldstein, Martin S, 1976. "Temporary Layoffs in the Theory of Unemployment," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 84(5), pages 937-957, October.
    10. Patricia M. Anderson & Bruce D. Meyer, 1993. "The Unemployment Insurance Payroll Tax and Interindustry and Interfirm Subsidies," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 7, pages 111-144 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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    Keywords

    Employment insurance; social assistance and other transfers; Industries; Labour; Workplace organization; innovation; performance;

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