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Should historic sites protection be targeted at the most famous? Evidence from a contingent valuation in Scotland

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  • Laure Kuhfuss

    () (Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St. Andrews)

  • Nick Hanley

    () (Department of Geography and Sustainable Development, University of St. Andrews)

  • Russell Whyte

    (Historic Environment Scotland, Scotland, UK)

Abstract

We used a contingent valuation survey of a random sample of the general public living in Scotland to estimate how willingness to pay (WTP) for the conservation of historic sites (such as castles and stone circles) varies with how well-known these sites are and whether people have visited them. Each respondent was asked to state a maximum WTP in terms of higher income taxes for the conservation of two sites, one of which was “famous” and one of which was less well-known. The hypothetical scenario involved payment to avoid future damage to each site. When observable differences in respondent characteristics are controlled for, we found no significant differences in mean WTP across sites. However, a significant effect was found for respondent familiarity with each site (in terms of recognising it on a photograph), with sites which respondents were more familiar with attracting higher WTP values. Distance effects on WTP were mixed: significant effects of distance of the site from respondents’ homes were only found for the less well-known sites, but not for famous sites. The main conclusions of the study were that (i) the Scottish general public are willing to pay for the conservation of historic sites and that (ii) such values exist as much for less-well known sites as for famous sites. This implies that public funds should not be allocated solely to conservation of the best-known sites.

Suggested Citation

  • Laure Kuhfuss & Nick Hanley & Russell Whyte, 2015. "Should historic sites protection be targeted at the most famous? Evidence from a contingent valuation in Scotland," Discussion Papers in Environment and Development Economics 2015-18, University of St. Andrews, School of Geography and Sustainable Development.
  • Handle: RePEc:sss:wpaper:2015-18
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    File URL: http://www.st-andrews.ac.uk/media/dept-of-geography-and-sustainable-development/pdf-s/DP%202015%2018.Kuhfuss%20et%20al.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Douglas Noonan, 2003. "Contingent Valuation and Cultural Resources: A Meta-Analytic Review of the Literature," Journal of Cultural Economics, Springer;The Association for Cultural Economics International, vol. 27(3), pages 159-176, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:9:p:2989-:d:165240 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:spr:jhappi:v:20:y:2019:i:1:d:10.1007_s10902-017-9942-2 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    contingent valuation; historic site; willingness to pay;

    JEL classification:

    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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