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Les industries de haute technologie de la zone euro et des Etats-Unis: Une étude comparée de la compétitivité et des parts de marché

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  • Sarah Guillou

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

L’évolution des productions des industries de haute technologie montre un écart croissant, à partir de la seconde moitié des années 1990, entre la zone euro et les États-Unis, en faveur de ces derniers. En revanche, le niveau des exportations est quasiment identique actuellement. Le dynamisme des exportations de la zone euro est conforté par l’augmentation des parts de marché ; aux États-Unis, celles-ci déclinent, mais restent en niveau supérieures. Ceci est cohérent avec deux autres faits stylisés issus de la comparaison de la compétitivité-coût. D’une part, le niveau moyen du coût du travail unitaire relatif est plus élevé dans la zone euro qu’aux États-Unis ; d’autre part, ce coût dans la zone euro augmente moins ou diminue plus, en moyenne sur la période 1988-2002. La zone euro améliore donc sa compétitivité-coût par rapport aux États-Unis. La dernière section de l’article permet de vérifier que cette amélioration explique en partie la dynamique des parts de marché.

Suggested Citation

  • Sarah Guillou, 2006. "Les industries de haute technologie de la zone euro et des Etats-Unis: Une étude comparée de la compétitivité et des parts de marché," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/7305, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/7305
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Carlin, Wendy & Glyn, Andrew & Van Reenen, John, 2001. "Export Market Performance of OECD Countries: An Empirical Examination of the Role of Cost Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 111(468), pages 128-162, January.
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    5. Fagerberg, Jan, 1988. "International Competitiveness," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 98(391), pages 355-374, June.
    6. Sarah Guillou, 2006. "Competitiveness and export market shares in high tech industries in the US and the EMU countries: A comparative study," Sciences Po publications 2006-18, Sciences Po.
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    8. repec:spo:wpecon:info:hdl:2441/941 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Ricardo A. López, 2005. "Trade and Growth: Reconciling the Macroeconomic and Microeconomic Evidence," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 19(4), pages 623-648, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    zone euro; compétitivité; États-Unis; parts de marché;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • L63 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Microelectronics; Computers; Communications Equipment
    • L60 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - General
    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General

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