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Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) for bankruptcy prediction

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  • Carlos Serrano-Cinca
  • Begoña Gutiérrez-Nieto

Abstract

This paper uses Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) for the prediction of the 2008 USA banking crisis. PLS regression transforms a set of correlated explanatory variables into a new set of uncorrelated variables, which is appropriate in the presence of multicollinearity. PLS-DA performs a PLS regression with a dichotomous dependent variable. The performance of this technique is compared to the performance of 8 algorithms widely used in bankruptcy prediction. In terms of accuracy, precision, F-score, Type I error and Type II error, results are similar; no algorithm outperforms the others. Behind performance, each algorithm assigns a score to each bank and classifies it as solvent or failed. These results have been analyzed by means of contingency tables, correlations, cluster analysis and reduction dimensionality techniques. PLS-DA results are very close to those obtained by Linear Discriminant Analysis and Support Vector Machine.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlos Serrano-Cinca & Begoña Gutiérrez-Nieto, 2011. "Partial Least Square Discriminant Analysis (PLS-DA) for bankruptcy prediction," Working Papers CEB 11-024, ULB -- Universite Libre de Bruxelles.
  • Handle: RePEc:sol:wpaper:2013/90696
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Foster D.P. & Stine R.A., 2004. "Variable Selection in Data Mining: Building a Predictive Model for Bankruptcy," Journal of the American Statistical Association, American Statistical Association, vol. 99, pages 303-313, January.
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    4. Ravi Kumar, P. & Ravi, V., 2007. "Bankruptcy prediction in banks and firms via statistical and intelligent techniques - A review," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 180(1), pages 1-28, July.
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    6. du Jardin, Philippe & Séverin, Eric, 2011. "Predicting corporate bankruptcy using a self-organizing map: An empirical study to improve the forecasting horizon of a financial failure model," MPRA Paper 44262, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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    8. Lo, Andrew W., 1986. "Logit versus discriminant analysis : A specification test and application to corporate bankruptcies," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 31(2), pages 151-178, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Liu, Zhen Jia, 2015. "Estudo cross-country sobre os fatores determinantes da crise financeira bancária," RAE - Revista de Administração de Empresas, FGV-EAESP Escola de Administração de Empresas de São Paulo (Brazil), vol. 55(5), September.
    2. repec:exl:25engi:v:28:y:2017:i:2:p:170-179 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Yi-Shu Wang & Xue Jiang & Zhen-Jia-Liu, 2016. "Bank Failure Prediction Models for the Developing and Developed Countries: Identifying the Economic Value Added for Predicting Failure," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 6(9), pages 522-533, September.
    4. repec:eee:riibaf:v:44:y:2018:i:c:p:16-25 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:rss:jnljbs:v2i1p3 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:rss:jnljef:v4i3p6 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    bankruptcy; financial ratios; banking crisis; solvency; data mining; PLS-DA;

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