Infrastructure, Knowledge Creation and Spillovers and Economic Growth in China
The economic prosperity associated with the Coastal regions of China has not 'trickled' down to the Western and Central regions sufficiently enough to eliminate the disparities in income between the regions. Indeed, the disparities between China's Coastal regions and its other regions continue to deepen to the present day. In the Mao period the Central planners held the mistaken belief that investment in the railways and development of heavy industry in the interior parts of China would bring prosperity. In the reform period and beyond, the focus of economic development in China has been to take advantage of Chinaâ€™s low labour costs. In the earlier part of the reform era the focus of economic reforms centred on the development of Special Economic Zones (SEZ's) .In the second phase of reform policies were centred on the High Technology Development Zones [NHTIDZ's].A characteristic feature of both SEZâ€™s and NHTIDZ's is that they represent a concentration of infrastructure within a predefined spatial area. The framework of analysis in this paper is the New Economic Geography [NEG]. The NEG addresses the formation of agglomeration economies accruing to physical linkages in one location. However, the NEG does not address the issue of how agglomeration economies form due to knowledge creation linkages which are location independent. The main facet of this approach is that it will allow for a qualitative analysis of the spatial aspects of the infrastructural and knowledge creation factors affecting China's economic growth. Previous approaches which have been used to study infrastructure and economic growth in China have been based on Econometric techniques. These approaches use measures such as length of railway, length of roads and telephone density, while in reality the concentration of infrastructure in the SEZâ€™s and NHTIDZ's as significantly contributed to China's post 1978 economic growth.
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- Krugman, Paul, 1991.
"Increasing Returns and Economic Geography,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 99(3), pages 483-499, June.
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