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Randomization Tests in Econometrics


  • Kennedy, P.


Numerous shuffling of data produce a distribution of test statistic values that can be used to assess the degree to which the test statistic value produced by the actual data is unusual. Because this controversial randomization testing methodology, made practical by the computer revolution, has begun to appear in applied econometric studies, econometricians should become familiar with its mechanics, rationale, and interpretation, all of which are quite different from the status quo. This paper exposits randomization tests in an econometric context, discusses their advantages, and alerts practitioners to pitfalls.
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Suggested Citation

  • Kennedy, P., 1993. "Randomization Tests in Econometrics," Discussion Papers dp93-08, Department of Economics, Simon Fraser University.
  • Handle: RePEc:sfu:sfudps:dp93-08

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    4. Donohue III, John J. & Wolfers, Justin, 2006. "Uses and Abuses of Empirical Evidence in the Death Penalty Debate," IZA Discussion Papers 1949, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    5. Luger, Richard, 2006. "Exact permutation tests for non-nested non-linear regression models," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 133(2), pages 513-529, August.
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    7. Taylor, Benjamin & Li, Jing, 2015. "Do fewer guns lead to less crime? Evidence from Australia," International Review of Law and Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(C), pages 72-78.
    8. Sooncheol Sohn & Byoung Jung & Myoungshic Jhun, 2012. "Permutation tests using least distance estimator in the multivariate regression model," Computational Statistics, Springer, vol. 27(2), pages 191-201, June.
    9. Stefano Bonnini & Michela Borghesi, 2022. "Relationship between Mental Health and Socio-Economic, Demographic and Environmental Factors in the COVID-19 Lockdown Period—A Multivariate Regression Analysis," Mathematics, MDPI, vol. 10(18), pages 1-15, September.
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    11. Mittelhammer, Ron C. & Judge, George G., 2005. "Combining estimators to improve structural model estimation and inference under quadratic loss," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 128(1), pages 1-29, September.
    12. Ronit Nirel & Malka Gorfine, 2003. "Nonparametric Analysis of Longitudinal Binary Data: An Application to the Intergroup Prisoner's Dilemma Game," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 6(3), pages 327-341, November.
    13. Zhao, Anqi & Ding, Peng, 2021. "Covariate-adjusted Fisher randomization tests for the average treatment effect," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 225(2), pages 278-294.
    14. Christopher W. Anderson & Eli Beracha, 2008. "Robustness Of The Headquarters‐City Effect On Stock Returns," Journal of Financial Research, Southern Finance Association;Southwestern Finance Association, vol. 31(3), pages 271-300, September.
    15. Ker, Alan P. & McGowan, Pat, 2000. "Weather-Based Adverse Selection And The U.S. Crop Insurance Program: The Private Insurance Company Perspective," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 25(2), pages 1-25, December.
    16. Leonhard Schilbach & Veronika I Müller & Felix Hoffstaedter & Mareike Clos & Roberto Goya-Maldonado & Oliver Gruber & Simon B Eickhoff, 2014. "Meta-Analytically Informed Network Analysis of Resting State fMRI Reveals Hyperconnectivity in an Introspective Socio-Affective Network in Depression," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 9(4), pages 1-9, April.
    17. Achim Zeileis & Torsten Hothorn, 2013. "A toolbox of permutation tests for structural change," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 54(4), pages 931-954, November.
    18. Harden Jeffrey J., 2012. "Improving Statistical Inference with Clustered Data," Statistics, Politics and Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 3(1), pages 1-30, January.
    19. Jeong-Joon Lee, 2005. "Persistent wage differential and its implications on the Balassa-Samuelson hypothesis," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(10), pages 643-648.
    20. Robert Moir, 1998. "A Monte Carlo Analysis of the Fisher Randomization Technique: Reviving Randomization for Experimental Economists," Experimental Economics, Springer;Economic Science Association, vol. 1(1), pages 87-100, June.
    21. Byoung Jung & Myoungshic Jhun & Seuck Song, 2007. "A new random permutation test in ANOVA models," Statistical Papers, Springer, vol. 48(1), pages 47-62, January.

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    econometrics ; economic models;


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