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The Growing Rural -Urban Disparity: Some Issues


  • D Rajasekhar

    (Institute for social and Economic Change)

  • Gagan Bihari Sahu


The paper critically examines the understanding, approach and indicators that have been used to measure the degree of disparity. It is true that disparity exists everywhere. However, this paper focuses on disparities existing between rural and urban areas. In this context, the paper talks about ‘why’ and ‘how’ disparities exist between rural and urban areas. The study suggests that ‘income’ is not a sufficient indicator to capture the magnitude of disparities at any level. It is, therefore, necessary to develop some other indicators representing human resource development and infrastructure facility to understand the growing rural-urban divide.

Suggested Citation

  • D Rajasekhar & Gagan Bihari Sahu, 2004. "The Growing Rural -Urban Disparity: Some Issues," Working Papers 156, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
  • Handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:156

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Knight, John & Song, Lina, 1999. "The Rural-Urban Divide: Economic Disparities and Interactions in China," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198293309.
    2. Scarlett Epstein, T. & Jezeph, David, 2001. "Development--There is Another Way: A Rural-Urban Partnership Development Paradigm," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1443-1454, August.
    3. Krugman, Paul & Elizondo, Raul Livas, 1996. "Trade policy and the Third World metropolis," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 137-150, April.
    4. K N M Raju & P H Rayappa & M Sivakami, 2004. "Normative and Actual Provision of Antenatal Health Care Services in Karnataka," Working Papers 145, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
    5. S. Mahendra Dev, 1988. "Regional Disparities in Agricultural Labour Productivity and Rural Poverty in India," Indian Economic Review, Department of Economics, Delhi School of Economics, vol. 23(2), pages 167-205, July.
    6. Mathur, Ashok, 1983. "Regional Development and Income Disparities in India: A Sectoral Analysis," Economic Development and Cultural Change, University of Chicago Press, vol. 31(3), pages 475-505, April.
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    Rural-Urban Disparity;


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