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Trade in services by GATS modes of supply: Statistical concepts and first EU estimates


  • Rueda-Cantuche, José


  • Kerner, Riina


  • Cernat, Lucian

    () (DG Trade)

  • Ritola, Veijo



Services account for an overwhelming share of overall economic activities and are increasingly delivered across borders under various modes of supply. Given their growing importance for trade negotiators, the availability of statistics on the international supply of services detailed by services category, mode of supply and partner country is critically important for services trade policy making. Based on a recent Eurostat project, this paper presents the first estimates for EU trade in services by modes of supply and explores possible avenues to build a global services dataset by modes of supply, building on the latest European initiatives in this area.

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  • Rueda-Cantuche, José & Kerner, Riina & Cernat, Lucian & Ritola, Veijo, 2016. "Trade in services by GATS modes of supply: Statistical concepts and first EU estimates," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2016-3, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:dgtcen:2016_003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dorothée Rouzet & Hildegunn Kyvik Nordås & Frédéric Gonzales & Massimo Geloso Grosso & Iza Lejárraga & Sébastien Miroudot & Asako Ueno, 2014. "Services Trade Restrictiveness Index (STRI): Financial Services," OECD Trade Policy Papers 175, OECD Publishing.
    2. Roy, Martin & Marchetti, Juan & Lim, Hoe, 2007. "Services liberalization in the new generation of preferential trade agreements (PTAs): how much further than the GATS?," World Trade Review, Cambridge University Press, vol. 6(02), pages 155-192, July.
    3. Christen, Elisabeth & Francois, Joseph & Hoekman, Bernard, 2013. "Computable General Equilibrium Modeling of Market Access in Services," Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Elsevier.
    4. Cernat, Lucian & Kutlina-Dimitrova, Zornitsa, 2014. "Thinking in a box: A ‘mode 5’ approach to service trade," DG TRADE Chief Economist Notes 2014-1, Directorate General for Trade, European Commission.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:sgh:gosnar:y:2019:i:1:p:47-67 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Visagie Justin & Turok Ivan, 2019. "The contribution of services to trade and development in Southern Africa," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2019-37, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).

    More about this item


    Modes of Supply; Trade; Services; General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS);

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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