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Hometown Investment Trust Funds: An Analysis of Credit Risk

Author

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  • Yoshino, Naoyuki

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

In Asia, small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) account for a major share of employment and dominate the economy. Asian economies are often characterized as having bank-dominated financial systems and underdeveloped capital markets, in particular venture capital markets. Hence, looking for new methods of financing for SMEs is crucial. Hometown investment trust funds (HIT) are a new form of financial intermediation that has now been adopted as a national strategy in Japan. In this paper, we explain the importance of SMEs in Asia and describe about HITs. We then provide a scheme for the credit rating of SMEs by employing two statistical analysis techniques, principal components analysis and cluster analysis, and applying various financial variables to 1,363 SMEs in Asia. Adoption of this comprehensive and efficient method would enable banks to group SME customers based on financial health, adjust interest rates on loans, and set lending ceilings for each group. Moreover, this method is applicable to HITs around the world.

Suggested Citation

  • Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2014. "Hometown Investment Trust Funds: An Analysis of Credit Risk," ADBI Working Papers 505, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0505
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Edward I. Altman & Gabriele Sabato, 2007. "Modelling Credit Risk for SMEs: Evidence from the U.S. Market," Abacus, Accounting Foundation, University of Sydney, vol. 43(3), pages 332-357, September.
    2. Naoyuki Yoshino, 2012. "Global imbalances and the development of capital flows among Asian countries," OECD Journal: Financial Market Trends, OECD Publishing, vol. 2012(1), pages 81-112.
    3. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2014. "Three Arrows of “Abenomics†and the Structural Reform of Japan : Inflation Targeting Policy of the Central Bank, Fiscal Consolidation, and Growth Strategy," Development Economics Working Papers 24362, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    4. Feger, Thuto & Asafu-Adjaye, John, 2014. "Tax effort performance in sub-Sahara Africa and the role of colonialism," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 163-174.
    5. Grunert, Jens & Norden, Lars & Weber, Martin, 2005. "The role of non-financial factors in internal credit ratings," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 509-531, February.
    6. Naoyuki Yoshino & Tomohiro Hirano, 2011. "Pro-cyclicality of the Basel Capital Requirement Ratio and Its Impact on Banks-super-∗," Asian Economic Papers, MIT Press, vol. 10(2), pages 22-36, Summer.
    7. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2014. "Three Arrows of “Abenomics” and the Structural Reform of Japan: Inflation Targeting Policy of the Central Bank, Fiscal Consolidation, and Growth Strategy," ADBI Working Papers 492, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    8. Naoyuki Yoshino & Sahoko Kaji (ed.), 2013. "Hometown Investment Trust Funds," Springer Books, Springer, edition 127, number 978-4-431-54309-1, September.
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    Cited by:

    1. PAUL D. McNELIS & NAOYUKI YOSHINO, 2018. "Household Income Dynamics In A Lower-Income Small Open Economy: A Comparison Of Banking And Crowdfunding Regimes," The Singapore Economic Review (SER), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 63(01), pages 147-166, March.
    2. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad & Charoensivakorn, Phadet & Niraula, Baburam, 2015. "SME Credit Risk Analysis Using Bank Lending Data: An Analysis of Thai SMEs," ADBI Working Papers 536, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    3. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh–Hesary, Farhad & Nakahigashi, Masaki, 2019. "Modelling the social funding and spill-over tax for addressing the green energy financing gap," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 77(C), pages 34-41.
    4. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2016. "Causes and Remedies of the Japan's Long-lasting Recession: Lessons for China," China & World Economy, Institute of World Economics and Politics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, vol. 24(2), pages 23-47, March.
    5. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad & Nili, Farhad, 2015. "Estimating Dual Deposit Insurance Premium Rates and Forecasting Non-performing Loans: Two New Models," ADBI Working Papers 510, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    6. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2014. "Analytical framework on credit risks for financing small and medium-sized enterprises in Asia," Asia-Pacific Development Journal, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific (ESCAP), vol. 21(2), pages 1-21, December.
    7. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary & Farhad Nili, 2019. "Fair premium rate of the deposit insurance system based on banks’ creditworthiness," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(1), pages 8-31, May.
    8. Sachs, Jeffrey D. & Woo, Wing Thye & Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2019. "Why Is Green Finance Important?," ADBI Working Papers 917, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    9. Kuwahara, Satoshi & Yoshino, Naoyuki & Sagara, Megumi & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2015. "Role of the Credit Risk Database in Developing SMEs in Japan: Lessons for the Rest of Asia," ADBI Working Papers 547, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    10. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2015. "Analysis of Credit Ratings for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Evidence from Asia," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 32(2), pages 18-37, September.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    smes; credit risk; hometown investment trust funds; venture capital markets; asian capital markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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