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SME Credit Risk Analysis Using Bank Lending Data: An Analysis of Thai SMEs

Author

Listed:
  • Yoshino, Naoyuki

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Charoensivakorn, Phadet

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Niraula, Baburam

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are the backbone of most Asian economies. The main obstacle to the development of the SME sector is the lack of stable finance. Considering the bank-dominated characteristic of economies in Asia, banks are the main source of financing, and the lack of a comprehensive credit rating database has been a bottleneck for SMEs. This paper examines how a credit rating scheme for SMEs can be developed, when access to other financial and non-financial ratios is not possible, by using data on lending by banks to SMEs. We employ statistical techniques on five variables from a sample of Thai SMEs and classify them into subgroups based on their financial health. By employing these techniques, banks could reduce information asymmetry and consequently set interest rates and lending ceilings for SMEs. This would ease financing to healthy SMEs and reduce the amount of non-performing loans to this important sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad & Charoensivakorn, Phadet & Niraula, Baburam, 2015. "SME Credit Risk Analysis Using Bank Lending Data: An Analysis of Thai SMEs," ADBI Working Papers 536, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0536
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2014. "Hometown Investment Trust Funds: An Analysis of Credit Risk," ADBI Working Papers 505, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    2. Feger, Thuto & Asafu-Adjaye, John, 2014. "Tax effort performance in sub-Sahara Africa and the role of colonialism," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 163-174.
    3. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2015. "Analysis of Credit Ratings for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: Evidence from Asia," Asian Development Review, MIT Press, vol. 32(2), pages 18-37, September.
    4. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad & Nili, Farhad, 2015. "Estimating Dual Deposit Insurance Premium Rates and Forecasting Non-performing Loans: Two New Models," ADBI Working Papers 510, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary & Farhad Nili, 2019. "Fair premium rate of the deposit insurance system based on banks’ creditworthiness," Studies in Economics and Finance, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 36(1), pages 8-31, May.
    2. Kuwahara, Satoshi & Yoshino, Naoyuki & Sagara, Megumi & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2019. "Establishment of the Credit Risk Database: Concrete Use to Evaluate the Creditworthiness of SMEs," ADBI Working Papers 924, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    3. Wan Mohd Nazdrol bin Wan Mohd Nasir & Abdullah Al Mamun & John Breen, 2017. "Strategic Orientation and Performance of SMEs in Malaysia," SAGE Open, , vol. 7(2), pages 21582440177, June.
    4. Kuwahara, Satoshi & Yoshino, Naoyuki & Sagara, Megumi & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2015. "Role of the Credit Risk Database in Developing SMEs in Japan: Lessons for the Rest of Asia," ADBI Working Papers 547, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    5. Kamilah Ahmad, 2017. "The Implementation of Management Accounting Practices and its Relationship with Performance in Small and Medium Enterprises," International Review of Management and Marketing, Econjournals, vol. 7(1), pages 342-353.
    6. Yoshino, Naoyuki & Taghizadeh-Hesary, Farhad, 2017. "Solutions for SMEs’ difficulties in accessing finance: Asian experiences," ADBI Working Papers 768, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    7. Dang, Le Ngoc & Chuc, Anh Tu, 2019. "Challenges in Implementing the Credit Guarantee Scheme for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises: The Case of Viet Nam," ADBI Working Papers 941, Asian Development Bank Institute.
    8. Naoko Nemoto & Naoyuki Yoshino & Yutaka Okubo & Daimei Inaba & Kentaro Yanagisawa, 2018. "Credit Risk Reduction Effect on Small and Medium- Sized Enterprise Finance Through the Use of Bank Account Information," Working Papers id:12886, eSocialSciences.
    9. Naoyuki Yoshino & Farhad Taghizadeh-Hesary, 2019. "The Role of SMEs in Asia and Their Difficulties in Accessing Finance," Working Papers id:12959, eSocialSciences.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    credit risk analysis; SMEs; bank lending; Thailand;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G23 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Non-bank Financial Institutions; Financial Instruments; Institutional Investors
    • G24 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Investment Banking; Venture Capital; Brokerage
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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