IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/ris/adbiwp/0293.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Understanding the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Child and Maternal Health among the Poor: Opportunities for South Asia

Author

Listed:
  • Cader, Azra Abdul

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

  • Perera, Lakwimashi

    (Asian Development Bank Institute)

Abstract

The economic crisis hit many countries in 2007 and the effects are still being felt, especially in poorer developing nations. Much of the debate surrounding the economic crisis and its impacts has focused on the financial and economic aspects—import/export impacts, economic growth losses, labor force cutbacks, and fiscal imbalances. The social impact, especially on poor and vulnerable groups, has received less mention. Yet, if countries are to address the overall impacts of the economic crisis, it is vital that they also consider investing time and money to deal with social impacts more effectively. There are fears, however, that a reduction in spending on vital sectors (including the healthcare sector) to ensure economic recovery could affect poor and vulnerable populations and, in turn, erase the progress that has been made thus far. The decision to reduce such spending could also come from donors, who tend to favor a market-led recovery process in economic crises, thereby neglecting vital social service sectors that cater to the needs of poor populations. This spending can supplement government services or fill resource gaps and as a result reductions could have negative impacts on beneficiary populations, particularly the poor and vulnerable. Addressing child and maternal health issues within the context of the economic crisis is one key area to consider given its short, medium, and long-term effects on populations in developing countries. In South Asian countries, child and maternal health-related indicators tend to be disturbing despite the rapid growth rates in many of these countries. The number of infant deaths is still quite high, nutrition of children and women continues to be problematic, and maternal health and pre/post natal care remains poor. This paper presents an overview of child and maternal health in the South Asia region, but also recommends that interventions take into account a series of factors if the impacts of the economic crisis are to be minimized: There is a need for more information and research on the impacts of the crisis; Investing in social protection and safety nets is imperative; Food security should be integrated into social protection; Vulnerable households require support to cope with the crisis despite their own efforts and coping strategies; State investments that support vulnerable populations should be protected in times of crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Cader, Azra Abdul & Perera, Lakwimashi, 2011. "Understanding the Impact of the Economic Crisis on Child and Maternal Health among the Poor: Opportunities for South Asia," ADBI Working Papers 293, Asian Development Bank Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0293
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.adbi.org/files/2011.07.01.wp293.impact.economic.crisis.child.health.poor.pdf
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Ronald Mendoza, 2009. "Aggregate Shocks, Poor Household and Children: Transmission Channels and Policy Responses," Working papers 0901, UNICEF,Division of Policy and Strategy.
    2. Bhat Ramesh & Mavalankar, Dileep & Singh, Prabal V. & Singh Neelu, 2007. "Maternal Health Financing in Gujarat: Preliminary Results from a Household Survey of Beneficiaries under Chiranjeevi Scheme," IIMA Working Papers WP2007-10-06, Indian Institute of Management Ahmedabad, Research and Publication Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    poverty reduction; economic crisis impact; social impact; child maternal health; south asia poverty; social protection;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General
    • Y20 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Introductions and Prefaces - - - Introductions and Prefaces

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:adbiwp:0293. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ADB Institute). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/adbinjp.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.