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Was Canadian Manufacturing Inefficient before WWI? The Case of the Cotton Textile Industry, 1870-1910

  • Michael Hinton

    (The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis (RCEA); Ryerson University)

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    Is it possible that generations of Canadian economists and historians have got it wrong and Canadian manufacturing before WWI was fairly efficient? Yes, because they do not pay enough attention to the measurement of efficiency. New cliometric evidence supporting the revisionist side of this question is presented on total factor productivity and five other measures of efficiency for the Canadian cotton textile industry, 1870-1910, an industry long thought to be grossly inefficient, which shows the industry performed strongly relative to the U.S. cotton textile industry and other cotton textile industries elsewhere in the world.

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    File URL: http://www.rcfea.org/RePEc/pdf/wp44_11.pdf
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    Paper provided by The Rimini Centre for Economic Analysis in its series Working Paper Series with number 44_11.

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    Date of creation: Sep 2011
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    Handle: RePEc:rim:rimwps:44_11
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    1. Inwood, K., 1991. "Maritime Industrialization from 1870 to 1910 ; A Review of the Evidence and Its Interpretation," Working Papers 1991-19, University of Guelph, Department of Economics and Finance.
    2. Easton, Stephen T. & Gibson, William A. & Reed, Clyde G., 1988. "Tariffs and growth: The dales hypothesis," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 147-163, April.
    3. Baldwin, John R. & Green, Alan G., 2008. "The Productivity Differential Between the Canadian and U.S. Manufacturing Sectors: A Perspective Drawn from the Early 20th Century," The Canadian Productivity Review 2008022e, Statistics Canada, Economic Analysis.
    4. Clark, Gregory, 1987. "Why Isn't the Whole World Developed? Lessons from the Cotton Mills," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 47(01), pages 141-173, March.
    5. Ian Keay, 2000. "Canadian manufacturers' relative productivity performance, 1907-1990," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 33(4), pages 1049-1068, November.
    6. Kris Inwood & Ian Keay, 2006. "Assessing Economic Performance among North American Manufacturing Establishments, 1870/71: Data, Methodology and Measurement Issues," Working Papers 1030, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
    7. Fogel, Robert William, 1968. "The Specification Problem in Economic History: A Correction," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 28(01), pages 126-126, March.
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