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Entrepreneurs Et Reconversion Des Territoires L'Exemple De Dunkerque Milieu Industrialo-Portuaire (Nord, France) Entrepreneurs And Territories Reconstruction The Case Of The Industrial And Port Milieu Of Dunkerque (North Of France)

  • Sophie BOUTILLIER

    ()

    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

  • Blandine LAPERCHE

    ()

    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

  • Dimitri UZUNIDIS

    ()

    (Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO)

A l'heure de l'économie de la connaissance, la création d'entreprise est au coeur des politiques industrielles mais aussi d'aménagement du territoire. Une région « gagnante » est en effet caractérisée par un dynamisme entrepreneurial élevé. La politique des pôles de compétitivité mise en oeuvre en 2005 en France, et ailleurs sous le terme de clusters, illustre cette approche. Mais d'où vient l'entrepreneur ? Est-ce un deus ex machina qui, par sa présence, révolutionne le territoire ? Ou bien est-ce le territoire qui, par ses ressources, génère la dynamique entrepreneuriale ? C'est à ces questions que nous nous intéressons dans ce document. Nous illustrons nos propos par l'étude du territoire de Dunkerque, ville industrialo-portuaire du Nord de la France, qui souffre depuis de longues années de la crise de l’industrie lourde, encore amplifiée depuis la dernière crise financière de 2007. At the time of the knowledge economy, business creation is at the centre of industrial and space occupation policies. A "winning" region is indeed characterized by a high entrepreneurial dynamism. The clustering policy implemented in 2005 in France illustrates this approach. How can we define and analyze the entrepreneur? Is he a deus ex machina who, by his presence, revolutionizes the territory? Or is it the territory (and particularly its resources) which generates the entrepreneurial spirit? These are the questions raised in this document. We illustrate our study by the analysis of the territory of Dunkerque (an industrial and port city in northern France), which has suffered from the 90s of the heavy industry crisis, further amplified since the financial crisis of 2007.

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Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 242.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Jul 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Juillet 2011
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:242
Contact details of provider: Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
Web page: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/
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