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Evolution de la création d’entreprises à Dunkerque (Nord-France) entre 1993 et 2005 Evolution of business creation in Dnkerque (North of France) between 1993 and 2005


  • Sophie Boutillier

    () (labrii, ULCO)


Ce document de travail retrace l’évolution de la création d’entreprises à Dunkerque entre 1993 et 2005, selon le concept du potentiel de ressources de l’entrepreneur. Alors que la grande industrie s’était développée à Dunkerque depuis les années 1960 avec le soutien de l’Etat, les stratégies de création d’entreprises répondent actuellement au besoin vital de créer son emploi. Aux réseaux institutionnels d’aide à la création d’entreprises, ces nouveaux entrepreneurs privilégient le soutien informel du réseau familial. La famille est importante car c’est généralement pour des raisons de proximité familiale que l’individu devient entrepreneur à Dunkerque. This working paper presents the evolution of business activity in Dunkerque between 1993 and 2005 according the concept of the resources potential of the entrepreneur. Since the 1960s, big companies have been developed thanks to public policy, while today today the objective of the entrepreneur is to create his job. If public policies aiming at the promotion of business activity exist, we observe that these new entrepreneurs prefer the informal aid of their family. Family plays an important role because it is generally by exploiting familial networks that the individual becomes an entrepreneur in Dunkerque.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier, 2008. "Evolution de la création d’entreprises à Dunkerque (Nord-France) entre 1993 et 2005 Evolution of business creation in Dnkerque (North of France) between 1993 and 2005," Working Papers 193, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:193

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Davidsson, Per & Honig, Benson, 2003. "The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 301-331, May.
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    More about this item


    Business creation; Dunkerque; Ressources potential; Public policy;

    JEL classification:

    • L26 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Entrepreneurship
    • R10 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification
    • H00 - Public Economics - - General - - - General


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