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Mondialisation, nouvelle organisation industrielle et transformation du capitalisme unité de temps, unite de lieu et unité d’action de la firme-réseau (Globalization, new industrial organization and capitalist evolution unity of time, unity of place and unity of action of the network-firm)

Author

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  • Sophie Boutillier

    () (labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

L’objectif de ce texte est de développer une réflexion critique sur quatre auteurs (MARX, SCHUMPETER, GALBRAITH, CASTELLS) clés qui ont marqué les sciences économiques et sociales par la pertinence de leurs analyses sur l’évolution du capitalisme. L’idée principale que nous avons cherché à mettre en avant est le caractère contradictoire du capitalisme : alors que le profit naît de la concurrence, les firmes capitalistes ont de tout temps cherché à réduire la concurrence. De l’entreprise concentrée à la firme-réseau, la logique reste la même : planifier le marché pour en réduire l’incertitude. This paper is based on four authours (MARX, SCHUMPETER, GALBRAITH, CASTELLS). These four authors have developed an original analysis about the capitalist evolution. They looked to show the capitalist contradictions : negation of the free market to minimize the uncertainty of the free market. The capitalist firms have always looking for ways to minimaze the uncertainty of the free market. The process of the concentration/centralisation of the capital is one of these ways to minimize the uncertainty. The oligoplistic firms control a most important part of the market (prices/quantities, of labor, of capital, etc.). In conclusion, the existence of the capitalism is based about the negation of the free market because the oligoplistic firms look for how they can develop their activites outside the free market.

Suggested Citation

  • Sophie Boutillier, 2005. "Mondialisation, nouvelle organisation industrielle et transformation du capitalisme unité de temps, unite de lieu et unité d’action de la firme-réseau (Globalization, new industrial organization and c," Working Papers 106, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:106
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    File URL: http://riifr.univ-littoral.fr/wp-content/uploads/2007/04/doc106.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Gérard Charreaux, 1999. "Gouvernement d'entreprise et comptabilité," Working Papers CREGO 0990601, Université de Bourgogne - CREGO EA7317 Centre de recherches en gestion des organisations.
    2. Dimitri Uzunidis, 2003. "Les facteurs actuels qui font de la Science une force productive au service du capital Le quatrième moment de l'organisation de la production," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 17(1), pages 51-78.
    3. Michel Marchesnay, 2006. "Galbraith : d'un institutionnalisme à l'autre ?," Innovations, De Boeck Université, vol. 23(1), pages 31-48.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    globalization; industrial organization; capitalism;

    JEL classification:

    • L52 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Industrial Policy; Sectoral Planning Methods
    • L12 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • B50 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - Current Heterodox Approaches - - - General
    • N00 - Economic History - - General - - - General

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