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Alchol Consumption and Sickness Absence: Evidence from Panel Data

Author

Listed:
  • Johansson, Edvard
  • Böckerman, Petri
  • Uutela, Antti

Abstract

Objective : This paper examines the relationship between alcohol consumption and sickness absence. Methods : We use regional panel data from Finland over the period 1993-2005. The data on individuals health that we are using originates from Health Behaviour and Health among the Finnish Population conducted by the National Public Health Institute. To control for the effect of economic conditions on the prevalence of sickness absence, we aggregate Health Behaviour and Health among the Finnish Population to the regional level. Then we link the data, using information on individuals residence, to the regional statistics produced by Statistics Finland. Panel data allows us to control for unobserved determinants of lifestyle behaviours associated with the region and survey year. Results : The results show that alcohol consumption is associated with sickness absence, and particularly so for men. Therefore, the earlier aggregate time-series evidence from Sweden is largely confirmed in a regional panel data setting. Conclusion : It is important to take into account the effects of alcohol consumption on sickness absence when considering the appropriate level of taxation of wines and spirits in Nordic countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Johansson, Edvard & Böckerman, Petri & Uutela, Antti, 2007. "Alchol Consumption and Sickness Absence: Evidence from Panel Data," Discussion Papers 1112, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:rif:dpaper:1112
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jan Erik Askildsen & Espen Bratberg & Øivind Anti Nilsen, 2005. "Unemployment, labor force composition and sickness absence: a panel data study," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(11), pages 1087-1101.
    2. Christopher J. Ruhm, 2000. "Are Recessions Good for Your Health?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 115(2), pages 617-650.
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    Keywords

    alcohol consumption; sickness absence;

    JEL classification:

    • I10 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - General

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