Development Accounting in a Heckscher-Ohlin World
What are the reasons for cross country differences in income per worker? Are they caused by differential factor endowments or by cross country variation in productivity? If productivity matters, what form do productivity differences have? In this paper I address these questions from an open economy perspective using tools from development accounting. I show that trade changes the relationship between factors, productivities and income in a crucial way. In addition, I simultaneously fit income and trade data, which enables me to evaluate the quality of my productivity calibrations. The model best supported by trade data has factor specific productivities and complementarities between human and physical capital. Rich countries use physical capital more efficiently than poor countries, while medium income countries employ human capital in the most productive way.
|Date of creation:||2007|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: Society for Economic Dynamics Marina Azzimonti Department of Economics Stonybrook University 10 Nicolls Road Stonybrook NY 11790 USA|
Web page: http://www.EconomicDynamics.org/
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- Debaere, Peter & Demiroglu, Ufuk, 2003. "On the similarity of country endowments," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 101-136, January.
- Robert E. Hall & Charles I. Jones, 1999. "Why Do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output per Worker than Others?," NBER Working Papers 6564, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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- Demiroglu, U. & Yun, K.K., 1997.
"The Lens Conditions for factor Price Equalization,"
404, Research Seminar in International Economics, University of Michigan.
- Ben S. Bernanke & Kenneth S. Rogoff (ed.), 2001. "NBER Macroeconomics Annual 2000," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262523140.
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