Hedging with Stochastic and Local Volatility
We derive the local volatility hedge ratios that are consistent with a stochastic instantaneous volatility and show that this ‘stochastic local volatility’ model is equivalent to the market model for implied volatilities. We also show that a common feature of all Markovian single factor stochastic volatility models, (log)normal mixture option pricing models and ‘sticky delta’ models is that they predict incorrect dynamics for implied volatility. As a result they over-hedge the Black-Scholes model in the presence of a market skew and this explains the poor delta hedging performance of these models reported in the literature. Whilst the traditional ‘sticky tree’ local volatility models do not possess this unfortunate property, they cannot be used for pricing without exogenous and ad hoc smoothing of results. However the stochastic local volatility framework allows one to extend a good pricing model into a good hedging model. The theoretical results are supported by an empirical analysis of the hedging performance of seven models, each with different volatility characteristics, on the SP500 index skew.
|Date of creation:||Jul 2004|
|Date of revision:||Dec 2004|
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