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Using A Forward-Looking Phillips Curve to Estimate the Output Gap in Peru

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  • Rodríguez, Gabriel

    (Central Reserve Bank of Peru and Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Abstract

This paper identifies the output gap using the theoretical definition of the gap within a Phillips curve. The results show that the output gap is large and persistent. Furthermore, the output gap is not correlated with the stochastic trend which is similar to the asumption used in the unobserved components model. The model is extended to include information coming from the unemployment rate. The results are very similar to those obtained without this variable indicating poor additional information in the unemployment rate to identify the output gap. Other estimations of the output gap are performed. I use the procedures of Hodrick and Prescott (1997), Baxter and King (1999), Beveridge and Nelson (1981), Morley, Nelson and Zivot (2003), the unobserved components model of Clark (1987) and a simple quadratic trend. The results show strong di¤erences between our measure of output gap and the other measures. The closer measure is the one obtained using the unobserved component model and the simple quadratic trend.

Suggested Citation

  • Rodríguez, Gabriel, 2009. "Using A Forward-Looking Phillips Curve to Estimate the Output Gap in Peru," Working Papers 2009-010, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2009-010
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business Cycles; Phillips Curve; Output Gap; Inflation; Unemployment; Filters;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C22 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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