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Education, innovation and economic growth in Cameroon

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  • Ngwa Edielle, T. H. Jackson

Abstract

The main objective of this paper is to evaluate technologically (innovation or imitation) the role of human capital in Cameroon as far as economic growth is concerned. Higher education is designed to be the main technological aspect of human capital. Theoretically, the stock of knowledge available in a country determines through innovation productivity growth. In that way, we use a Vector Error Correction model (VECM) to evaluate the impact of human capital on productivity growth. Productivity is approximated by the Total factors Productivity (TFP) evaluated by growth accounting method. Our estimates show that direct effect of human capital on TFP growth between 1960 and 2001 is greater than innovation capability (Higher education expenses) effect and less than imitation capability effect through imports. In contrary, indirect effect of human capital through foreign investments is the most important. For a given foreign investment, a 1\% increase in human capital stock in Cameroon improves productivity up to 28.5\%.

Suggested Citation

  • Ngwa Edielle, T. H. Jackson, 2005. "Education, innovation and economic growth in Cameroon," MPRA Paper 9360, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:9360
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/9360/1/MPRA_paper_9360.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aghion, Philippe & Howitt, Peter, 1992. "A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 60(2), pages 323-351, March.
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    4. Barro, Robert J & Lee, Jong-Wha, 2001. "International Data on Educational Attainment: Updates and Implications," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 53(3), pages 541-563, July.
    5. Robert J. Barro, 1991. "Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 106(2), pages 407-443.
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    7. Barro, Robert J. & Lee, Jong-Wha, 1994. "Sources of economic growth," Carnegie-Rochester Conference Series on Public Policy, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 1-46, June.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    human capital; innovation; economic growth; productivity; cointegration;

    JEL classification:

    • C32 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Time-Series Models; Dynamic Quantile Regressions; Dynamic Treatment Effect Models; Diffusion Processes; State Space Models
    • O41 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - One, Two, and Multisector Growth Models
    • E23 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Production
    • H52 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Education
    • D24 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Production; Cost; Capital; Capital, Total Factor, and Multifactor Productivity; Capacity

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