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Economie, ordre et contrôle social : le cas maoïste
[Economy, order and social control: the maoist case]


  • EL KAROUNI, Ilyess


Faced with a mixed civilian population, the action of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) can be grasped in the light of collective action. According to its support to the PCC, we can divide up the population into two groups. The first has an interest in the action of the new government which must then prevent the attitude known as "free-riding". The second is unfavourable and the CCP must prevent it to be obstructive. In these conditions how the Chinese leaders can build a new order while enjoying, if not the cooperation, at least the "silence" of the population? Coercion, satisfaction of the interests of a portion of the population and in particular ideology are solutions. Indeed, people can act collectively if they have an interpretative framework, or in other words a common ideology. Various elements of what Lindblom calls "préceptoral system" are implemented. Admittedly, coercion and granting favors are also used to regulate the new order in formation. But it rests essentially on education, persuasion, indoctrination. As the episode of the Great Leap Forward show, ideological incentives replace the traditional economic one that are crystallized in contracts and property rights.

Suggested Citation

  • EL KAROUNI, Ilyess, 2008. "Economie, ordre et contrôle social : le cas maoïste
    [Economy, order and social control: the maoist case]
    ," MPRA Paper 9229, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:9229

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Jànos Kornai, 2000. "What the Change of System from Socialism to Capitalism Does and Does Not Mean," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 14(1), pages 27-42, Winter.
    2. Greif, Avner, 1994. "Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 102(5), pages 912-950, October.
    3. Mehrdad Vahabi, 2004. "The Political Economy of Destructive Power," Books, Edward Elgar Publishing, number 3481.
    4. Yong, He, 1992. "An Economic Approach to Communist Regimes," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 45(3), pages 393-406.
    5. Lin, Justin Yifu & Yang, Dennis Tao, 1998. "On the causes of China's agricultural crisis and the great leap famine," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 9(2), pages 125-140.
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    More about this item


    Collective action; coercion; incentive; ideology; Great Leap forward;

    JEL classification:

    • N45 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Asia including Middle East
    • P35 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Public Finance

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