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Studiu retrospectiv privind comerțul exterior al României în ultimii 100 de ani
[A retrospective study on Romania’s external trade in the past 100 years]

Author

Listed:
  • Zaman, Gheorghe
  • Georgescu, George

Abstract

Throughout the last century, Romania's economy has suffered major adverse costs, especially caused by external factors, with an adverse impact both on the volume of foreign trade and its commodity structure and geographical orientation. The study focuses on the evolution of Romania's foreign trade over the past 100 years trying to highlight the main features and trends in the different stages of the Romanian economy development, covering the periods 1918-1947, 1948-1989 and 1990-2017, marked by the the interwar economy particularities, the socialist political and economic regime, and the Romania's transition to the market economy, in the context of pre-accession and integration in the European Union. The presentation of the main coordinates of Romania's trade policies precedes the foreign trade quantitative and qualitative analysis for each of the above mentioned periods.

Suggested Citation

  • Zaman, Gheorghe & Georgescu, George, 2018. "Studiu retrospectiv privind comerțul exterior al României în ultimii 100 de ani [A retrospective study on Romania’s external trade in the past 100 years]," MPRA Paper 89707, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:89707
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/89707/1/MPRA_paper_89707.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Gheorghe ZAMAN & Valentina Vasile, 2012. "Comparative Advantage Metrics Of Romania’S Exports In The Period 2007-2010," Romanian Journal of Economics, Institute of National Economy, vol. 34(1(43)), pages 5-23, June.
    2. Zaman Gheorghe, 2016. "The Evolution Of The Romanian Exports’ Competitiveness On The International Market During 2001 – 2014," Annals of Faculty of Economics, University of Oradea, Faculty of Economics, vol. 1(2), pages 635-653, December.
    3. Axenciuc, Victor & Georgescu, George, 2017. "Gross Domestic Product – National Income of Romania 1862 – 2010. Secular statistical series and methodological foundations," MPRA Paper 84614, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Georgescu, George, 2006. "Inward Processing Trade and Implications for the Balance of Payments Current Account (The Case of Romania)," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 3(1), pages 24-31, March.
    5. Georgescu, George, 2012. "Impactul crizei globale asupra structurii comerţului exterior al României [The Global Crisis Impact on Romanian Trade Structure]," MPRA Paper 36339, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    foreign trade; trade deficit; transition; EU integration; FDI; Romania;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • B22 - Schools of Economic Thought and Methodology - - History of Economic Thought since 1925 - - - Macroeconomics
    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • N74 - Economic History - - Economic History: Transport, International and Domestic Trade, Energy, and Other Services - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O52 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Europe
    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid

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