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The extent of non tariff barriers to industrial countries' imports


  • Nogues, Julio
  • Olechowski, Andrezj
  • Winters, L. Alan


This paper examines the extent of non-tariffs barriers to sixteen industrial countries' imports. Using three alternative measures it shows that governmental commodity-specific border-measures affect 27% of all imports and over 34% of imports from developing countries. It also shows that during the period 1981-1983,NTBs became significantly more extensive. Detailed statistics reveal considerable variations in NTB coverage by commodity, type of barrier, importer and exporter. The data on which these conclusions are based are compiled from official information at the finest level of disaggregation; they are described in the paper.

Suggested Citation

  • Nogues, Julio & Olechowski, Andrezj & Winters, L. Alan, 1985. "The extent of non tariff barriers to industrial countries' imports," MPRA Paper 87378, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:87378

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. J. M. Finger, 1981. "The Industry-Country Incidence of "Less than Fair Value" Cases in US Import Trade," NBER Chapters, in: Export Diversification and the New Protectionism: The Experiences of Latin America, pages 260-279, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Finger, J M & Hall, H Keith & Nelson, Douglas R, 1982. "The Political Economy of Administered Protection," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 72(3), pages 452-466, June.
    3. Olechowski, Andrzej & Yeats, Alexander J, 1982. "Implications of the Tokyo Round for East-West Trade Relations," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 44(1), pages 79-96, February.
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    More about this item


    Industrial countries; non-tariff barriers; voluntary export restraints;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration


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