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Les motivations des femmes entrepreneures du secteur informel à Dakar (Sénégal)
[The motivations of women entrepreneurs in the informal sector in Dakar (Senegal)]


  • DIA, Ibrahima


In developing countries and particular in Senegal the majority of women are poor. Microenterprises created by a part of these women, especially in the informal sector, qualitatively improve their lives and those of their families and arouse increasingly growing interest for public authorities. In Senegal, where the informal sector is an important part of the economy, few researchers were interested in the factors which are likely to push women entrepreneurship in this sector. Based on the data from a field survey we conducted among 107 women entrepreneurs in the informal sector of the area of Dakar, this article attempts to verify if the entrepreneurial choices of these women is linked to socio-cultural factors, economic and / or noneconomic factors using a principal component analysis of motivational factors. Our results are rather surprising and highlight the complexity of the motivational phenomenon. Women rather undertake to satisfy their desire to participate in the welfare of their community.

Suggested Citation

  • DIA, Ibrahima, 2017. "Les motivations des femmes entrepreneures du secteur informel à Dakar (Sénégal) [The motivations of women entrepreneurs in the informal sector in Dakar (Senegal)]," MPRA Paper 81292, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:81292

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Dominique BONET FERNANDEZ & Marie-José SCOTTO & Bruno FISCHER, 2014. "Entreprendre en France ? Les motivations des femmes," Working Papers 2014-211, Department of Research, Ipag Business School.
    2. Shabbir, Amama & Di Gregorio, Silvana, 1996. "An examination of the relationship between women's personal goals and structural factors influencing their decision to start a business: The case of Pakistan," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 11(6), pages 507-529, November.
    3. Inès Gabarret & Benjamin Vedel, 2015. "Pour une nouvelle approche de la motivation entrepreneuriale," Post-Print hal-01563013, HAL.
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    More about this item


    Entrepreneurship; women; motivation; informal sector;

    JEL classification:

    • A1 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics
    • J0 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General
    • J1 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements

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