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Inflation dynamics in pre and post deregulation era in Ghana: Do petroleum prices have any influence?

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Listed:
  • Addae, Edna
  • Ackah, Ishmael

Abstract

The study looks at the impact of price of petroleum prices on inflation in the Ghanaian economy in the pre and post deregulation era and associated direction of causality as well as the extent of pass through of high international petroleum products price to the domestic retail market. An ARDL model was applied on time series monthly data of various petroleum fuel prices as well as exchange rate.A pass-through formula use by Baig et al, (2007) was also applied. The results reveal that changes in LPG, Kerosene and premium prices have marginal impact on inflation. The pass through analysis revealed Ghana has not pass through more than 50% of increase price of international or import petroleum product of gasoline, kerosene and LPG to the ordinary consumers in the period of the study and this was lower in the post deregulation than pre deregulation. The study therefore recommends full deregulation to continue since it favours lower pass through of fuel price increase in the world market to ordinary consumers whiles may consider gasoline and premium price increase at the expense of kerosene and liquefied petroleum gas price if inflation is to be shielded from fuel price increase.

Suggested Citation

  • Addae, Edna & Ackah, Ishmael, 2017. "Inflation dynamics in pre and post deregulation era in Ghana: Do petroleum prices have any influence?," MPRA Paper 77496, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:77496
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation; Deregulation; Petroleum Prices; Ghana;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q31 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation - - - Demand and Supply; Prices
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy

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