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Hacia la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional en Mesoamérica. Estado de la Inseguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional y notas sobre políticas para su superación
[To Food and Nutritional Security in Mesoamerica. Situation of the Food and Nutritional Insecurity and some notes about Policies to their Elimination]


  • Mora-Alfaro, Jorge
  • Fernández-Alvarado, Luis Fernando


In this document we may find the main characteristics about the food security situation in the Mesoamerican countries. The insufficient nourishment and nutrition, as well the poverty condition that involve an important proportion of the Central American and Mexican population, produce and human and social hardship frame, with and special emphasis in the rural areas of these countries. In addition to the risks that this situation represents to the persons, families and communities living in these conditions, the general circumstances increase the vulnerability in relation with the social, political and economical stability of these nations. This is a clear obstacle to their growth economic processes and to the more prompt integration in the international economy development. Primarily, when the inclusion of the population in the development process, the distributive policies and the social cohesion are crucial components of the socioeconomic and political model adopted by the countries where these situation prevail.

Suggested Citation

  • Mora-Alfaro, Jorge & Fernández-Alvarado, Luis Fernando, 2005. "Hacia la Seguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional en Mesoamérica. Estado de la Inseguridad Alimentaria y Nutricional y notas sobre políticas para su superación
    [To Food and Nutritional Security in Mesoa
    ," MPRA Paper 7422, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:7422

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Anne Epaulard, 2003. "Macroeconomic Performance and Poverty Reduction," IMF Working Papers 03/72, International Monetary Fund.
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    More about this item


    En este documento podemos encontrar las principales características sobre la situación de la seguridad alimentaria en los países de Mesoamericanos. La subalimentación; la subnutrición y la condición de pobreza que afectan a una proporción importante de la población centroamericana y mexicana; configuran un cuadro humano y social con características alarmantes; especialmente en las áreas rurales de estos países. Además de los riesgos que esta situación representa a las personas; a las familias y a las comunidades que viven en estas condiciones; las circunstancias generales aumentan la vulnerabilidad en la relación con la estabilidad social; política y económica de estas naciones. Esto es un obstáculo claro a sus procesos de crecimiento económico y a su más pronta integración en el desarrollo internacional de la economía. Más aún cuando la inclusión de la población en el proceso del desarrollo; las políticas distributivas y la cohesión social; son componentes cruciales del modelo socioeconómico y político adoptado por los países en donde prevalece la situación;

    JEL classification:

    • I30 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General
    • D63 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
    • D20 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - General
    • H30 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - General
    • F43 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Economic Growth of Open Economies
    • N56 - Economic History - - Agriculture, Natural Resources, Environment and Extractive Industries - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • M50 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Personnel Economics - - - General
    • H70 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - General
    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • D31 - Microeconomics - - Distribution - - - Personal Income and Wealth Distribution
    • I00 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General - - - General
    • A14 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Sociology of Economics
    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • I0 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - General
    • A13 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Relation of Economics to Social Values
    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • A19 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Other
    • Q56 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environment and Development; Environment and Trade; Sustainability; Environmental Accounts and Accounting; Environmental Equity; Population Growth
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • Q10 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - General


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