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Oil Price fluctuations and it impact on Economic Growth: A DSGE approach

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  • Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni
  • Bondzie, Eric Amoo
  • Fosu, Gabriel Obed

Abstract

Ghana is poised to be one of the fastest growing economies in Sub-Saharan Africa because of its emerging oil and gas industry. Ghana’s discovery of oil in commercial quantities in 2007 and its commencement of production in 2010 are expected to have an impact on the economy. To investigate these, we estimated a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model based on the features of the Ghanaian Economy. We then examined the persistent effects of world oil price and monetary policy shocks (money supply-interest rate induced) on economic growth in Ghana. We realized that, a shock on interest rate leads to a sharp fall in prices which reflects the impact of the decrease in interest rate on the marginal cost. There is a paradoxical effect of a negative interest rate on total money supply. We also showed that a positive output shock has the same effect on consumption, investment, prices and wages as in the case of interest rate shock.

Suggested Citation

  • Di Bartolomeo, Giovanni & Bondzie, Eric Amoo & Fosu, Gabriel Obed, 2014. "Oil Price fluctuations and it impact on Economic Growth: A DSGE approach," MPRA Paper 69231, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:69231
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    Cited by:

    1. Ibrahim, Taofik, 2018. "Oil price Fluctuation and Aggregate Output Performance in Nigeria," MPRA Paper 88636, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 12 Apr 2018.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    DSGE model; Ghana; Interest rate; Output; Oil Price;

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • O55 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Africa

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