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An improvement over the normal distribution for log-growth rates of city sizes: Empirical evidence for France, Germany, Italy and Spain

Author

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  • Puente-Ajovin, Miguel
  • Ramos, Arturo

Abstract

We study the decennial log-growth population rate distributions of France (1990-2009), Germany (1996-2006), Italy (1951-1961, 2001-2011) and Spain (1950-1960, 2001-2010). It is obtained an excellent parametric description of these log-growth rates by means of a modification of the normal distribution in that the tails are mixed by means of convex linear combinations with exponential distributions, giving rise to the so called “double mixture exponential normal”. The normal distribution is not the one empirically observed for the same datasets.

Suggested Citation

  • Puente-Ajovin, Miguel & Ramos, Arturo, 2015. "An improvement over the normal distribution for log-growth rates of city sizes: Empirical evidence for France, Germany, Italy and Spain," MPRA Paper 67471, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:67471
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    urban log-growth rates distribution; exponential distribution; normal distribution; European population log-growth rates;

    JEL classification:

    • C46 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Specific Distributions
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)

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