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Determinants of Corporate Investment: Post Liberalization Panel Data Evidence from Indian Firms

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  • Bhattacharyya, Surajit

Abstract

The paper models alternative investment-accelerator relationships within the neoclassical theory of Jorgenson followed by firm level panel data estimation and empirical test for other determinants of corporate investment e.g., internal liquidity, profitability, and firms’ financial strength. Athey and Laumas (1994) claimed that internal liquidity had replaced market demand in Indian firm level investment. Others indicate presence of finance constraints in Indian private sector investment activities; Kumar et al. (2001, 2002). Therefore, in the immediate aftermath of liberalization whether market demand had still not been important when availability of internal liquidity, firms’ profitability and creditworthiness are considered. We consider Indian manufacturing firms in the post-reform period of 1990s. There is significant support for the investment–accelerator relationship. Internal liquidity is relatively more important than profitability when it comes to firms’ investment decisions. There is also evidence that credit worthiness of firms to outside creditors is important for firm investment decision.

Suggested Citation

  • Bhattacharyya, Surajit, 2008. "Determinants of Corporate Investment: Post Liberalization Panel Data Evidence from Indian Firms," MPRA Paper 6702, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:6702
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/6702/1/MPRA_paper_6702.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. A. Ganesh-Kumar & Kunal Sen & Rajendra R. Vaidya, 2002. "Does the source of financing matter? Financial markets, financial intermediaries and investment in India," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 14(2), pages 211-228.
    2. Athey, Michael J. & Laumas, Prem S., 1994. "Internal funds and corporate investment in India," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 287-303, December.
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    5. Stephen Bond & Julie Elston & Jacques Mairesse & Benoit Mulkay, 1997. "Financial factors and investment in Belgium, France, German and the UK: A comparison using company panel data," IFS Working Papers W97/08, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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    7. Steven M. Fazzari & R. Glenn Hubbard & Bruce C. Petersen, 1988. "Financing Constraints and Corporate Investment," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 19(1), pages 141-206.
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    11. Tybout, James R, 1983. "Credit Rationing and Investment Behavior in a Developing Country," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 65(4), pages 598-607, November.
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    13. Kadapakkam, Palani-Rajan & Kumar, P. C. & Riddick, Leigh A., 1998. "The impact of cash flows and firm size on investment: The international evidence," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(3), pages 293-320, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Business fixed investment; sales accelerator; retained earnings; profitability; financial strength;

    JEL classification:

    • D21 - Microeconomics - - Production and Organizations - - - Firm Behavior: Theory
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • L64 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Manufacturing - - - Other Machinery; Business Equipment; Armaments

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