Determinants of Corporate Investment: Post Liberalization Panel Data Evidence from Indian Firms
The paper models alternative investment-accelerator relationships within the neoclassical theory of Jorgenson followed by firm level panel data estimation and empirical test for other determinants of corporate investment e.g., internal liquidity, profitability, and firms’ financial strength. Athey and Laumas (1994) claimed that internal liquidity had replaced market demand in Indian firm level investment. Others indicate presence of finance constraints in Indian private sector investment activities; Kumar et al. (2001, 2002). Therefore, in the immediate aftermath of liberalization whether market demand had still not been important when availability of internal liquidity, firms’ profitability and creditworthiness are considered. We consider Indian manufacturing firms in the post-reform period of 1990s. There is significant support for the investment–accelerator relationship. Internal liquidity is relatively more important than profitability when it comes to firms’ investment decisions. There is also evidence that credit worthiness of firms to outside creditors is important for firm investment decision.
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