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Forensic Accounting and Fraud: Capability and Competence Requirements in Malaysia

Author

Listed:
  • Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson
  • Che-Ahmad, Ayoib
  • Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah

Abstract

The 2011 Global Economic Crime Survey instituted by PricewaterhouseCoopers confirms the economic crime in Malaysia to be on the increase and, therefore, requires immediate attention to stem the tides. In anticipation of the challenges occasioned due to a shift from the modified cash basis to the accrual basis of accounting, the Malaysian State’s determination to move from a developing nation to a developed nation and to be ranked among the first 10 in 2020, this paper presents the need for forensic accountant and auditor capability (i.e., mindset and skills) on forensic accountant and auditor competence (i.e., task performance fraud risk assessment (TPFRA)) in the Malaysian public sector. It also draws the attention of the users of public sector accountants and auditors to the understanding of fraud mechanisms and how to deal with fraudsters. The population of this study comprised the accountants and auditors in the office of the Accountant General and Auditor General of Malaysia. The objective of this paper is to investigate the competence requirements of accountants and auditors in the effective and efficient utilization of capability requirements, which have the potentials to usher in the best global practices in fighting fraud in the Malaysian public sector.

Suggested Citation

  • Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Che-Ahmad, Ayoib & Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah, 2014. "Forensic Accounting and Fraud: Capability and Competence Requirements in Malaysia," MPRA Paper 66664, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:66664
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/66664/1/MPRA_paper_66664.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Pollitt, Christopher & Girre, Xavier & Lonsdale, Jeremy & Mul, Robert & Summa, Hilkka & Waerness, Marit, 1999. "Performance or Compliance?: Performance Audit and Public Management in Five Countries," OUP Catalogue, Oxford University Press, number 9780198296003.
    2. Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Che-Ahmad, Ayoib & Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah, 2014. "Task Performance Fraud Risk Assessment on Forensic Accountant and Auditor Knowledge and Mindset in Nigerian Public Sector," MPRA Paper 66772, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
    3. Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Che-Ahmad, Ayoib & Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah, 2014. "Impact of Task Performance Fraud Risk Assessment on Forensic Skills and Mindsets: Experience from Nigeria," MPRA Paper 66700, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2014.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson Popoola & Ayoib B Che-Ahmad & Rose Shamsiah Samsudin, 2015. "An empirical investigation of fraud risk assessment and knowledge requirement on fraud related problem representation in Nigeria," Accounting Research Journal, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 28(1), pages 78-97, July.
    2. Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Rayaan, Baz & Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah & Ahmad, Ayoib B. Che, 2016. "The Moderating role of Capability Element of Fraud on Internal Industry Factors and Fraud Prevention in Saudi Arabian Banking Sector," MPRA Paper 75945, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Che-Ahmad, Ayoib & Samsudin, Rose Shamsiah, 2015. "Forensic Accountant and Auditor Knowledge and Skills Requirements for Task Performance Fraud Risk Assessment in the Nigerian Public Sector," MPRA Paper 66655, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Jun 2015.
    4. Ola Mohammad Khersiat, 2018. "The Role of Forensic Accounting in Maintaining Public Money and Combating Corruption in the Jordanian Public Sector," International Business Research, Canadian Center of Science and Education, vol. 11(3), pages 66-75, March.
    5. Ala'a Zuhair Mansour & Aidi Ahmi & Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson Popoola, 2020. "The Personality Factor of Conscientiousness on Skills Requirement and Fraud Risk Assessment Performance," International Journal of Financial Research, International Journal of Financial Research, Sciedu Press, vol. 11(2), pages 405-415, April.
    6. Popoola, Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson & Ahmad, Ayoib B Che & Abdullah, Zaimah & Idris, Kamil Md & Abu Bakar, Fathiyyah, 2016. "An empirical effect of Fraud Specific Problem Representation on Accountants’ Skills and Fraud Risk Assessment," MPRA Paper 75931, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    7. Madzivire E.T & Nyamwanza L & Mushonga W & Takachicha M. T & Mulonda D, 2020. "An Investigation on the Effectiveness of Forensic Audit as a Tool for Fraud Detection and Prevention," Journal of Accounting, Business and Finance Research, Scientific Publishing Institute, vol. 10(2), pages 49-67.
    8. Ala'a Zuhair Mansour & Aidi Ahmi & Oluwatoyin Muse Johnson Popoola, 2021. "The Interaction Effect of Personality Factor on Capability and Competence Requirement," Business and Economic Research, Macrothink Institute, vol. 11(1), pages 1-14, March.
    9. Rajat Deb, 2018. "Financial Audit or Forensic Audit? Government Sector Panorama," Indian Journal of Corporate Governance, , vol. 11(2), pages 135-158, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Fraud Forensics; Accounting; Accountability; Forensic Accounting; Auditing; Assurance; Corporate Governance; Risk Management; Investigation; Risk Assessment; Task Performance; Problem Representation; Skills; Mindset; Knowledge; Values; Ethics; Fraud Risk Assessment; Financial Criminology; Fraud; Fraud Related Problem Representation; Fraud Prevention; Fraud Detection; Fraud Response; Fraud Specialist; Auditor; Forensic Accountant; Fraud Examiner;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • M4 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting
    • M40 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - General
    • M41 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Accounting
    • M42 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Auditing
    • M48 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • M49 - Business Administration and Business Economics; Marketing; Accounting; Personnel Economics - - Accounting - - - Other

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