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Source and Use of Insecticide Treated Net and Malaria Prevalence

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  • Orkoh, Emmanuel
  • Annim, Samuel Kobina

Abstract

This study argues that different practices of sources from which households obtain their Insecticide Treated Nets (ITNs) determine the effect of ITN use on malaria prevalence. The study categorises the sources into those that include some sort of education about how to use the nets and those that do not and examines the effect of these sources on the relationship between ITN use and malaria prevalence in Ghana. A recursive bivariate probit estimation technique that addresses endogeneity between ITN use and malaria prevalence was used to analyse data on 2,908 under-five children from the 2011 Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey (MICS). The descriptive results revealed that the proportion of ITN usage among children in households who acquired their ITNs from government, NGOs and Community Based Agents (CBAs) was higher than the proportion of usage among those who acquired their ITNs from private health centers, market, shops and street vendors that do not include education. The estimation shows that controlling for other socio-demographic factors, sleeping under ITN reduces the likelihood of experiencing malaria by 22 percent. Owners of ITNs will not use them to bring the expected reduction in malaria prevalence, unless the source includes education.

Suggested Citation

  • Orkoh, Emmanuel & Annim, Samuel Kobina, 2014. "Source and Use of Insecticide Treated Net and Malaria Prevalence," MPRA Paper 60556, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 10 Dec 2014.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:60556
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Jessica Cohen & Pascaline Dupas, 2008. "Free Distribution or Cost-Sharing? Evidence from a Malaria Prevention Experiment," NBER Working Papers 14406, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Thomson, Madeleine & Connor, Stephen & Bennett, Steve & D'Alessandro, Umberto & Milligan, Paul & Aikins, Moses & Langerock, Patricia & Jawara, Musa & Greenwood, Brian, 1996. "Geographical perspectives on bednet use and malaria transmission in the Gambia, West Africa," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 101-112, July.
    3. Jean-Claude Berthelemy & Josselin Thuilliez, 2014. "The economics of malaria in Africa," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-01045213, HAL.
    4. Gabriel Picone & Robyn Kibler & Bénédicte H. Apouey, 2013. "Malaria prevalence, indoor residual spraying, and insecticide-treated net usage in Sub-Saharan Africa," Working Papers halshs-00911364, HAL.
    5. Gary Painter & David I. Levine, 2000. "Family Structure and Youths' Outcomes: Which Correlations are Causal?," Journal of Human Resources, University of Wisconsin Press, vol. 35(3), pages 524-549.
    6. Behrman, Jere R. & Skoufias, Emmanuel, 2004. "Correlates and determinants of child anthropometrics in Latin America: background and overview of the symposium," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 2(3), pages 335-351, December.
    7. Gabriel Picone & Robyn Kibler & Bénédicte H. Apouey, 2017. "Malaria Prevalence, Indoor Residual Spraying, and Insecticide Treated Net Usage in Sub-Saharan Africa," Journal of African Development, African Finance and Economic Association (AFEA), vol. 19(2), pages 19-32.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Insecticide Treated Net; Malaria prevalence; children under-five; endogeneity; recursive bivariate probit;

    JEL classification:

    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior

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