Climate Change and Migration in the MENA Region: An Overview
Climate change and migration are major concerns in the MENA region, yet the empirical evidence on the impact of climate change and extreme weather events on migration remains limited. Information is broadly lacking on how households in vulnerable areas perceive changes in the climate, how they are affected by extreme weather events, whether they benefit from community and government programs to help them cope with and adapt to a changing climate, and how these conditions influence the decision of household members to migrate, either temporarily or permanently. This introductory chapter summarizes briefly the main results of the study which relied on existing data as well as focus groups and new household surveys collected in 2011 in Algeria, Egypt, Morocco, Syria, and Yemen. The results suggest that households do perceive important changes in the climate, and that many households are being affected by extreme weather events resulting in losses in income, crops, and livestock. The coping and adaptation strategies used by households to deal with weather shocks are diverse, but also limited, with most households not able to recover from the negative impact of weather shocks. The ability of community level responses and government programs to support households is also very limited. Finally, while climate change is not today the main driver of migration flows, it does appear to contribute to these flows, and worsening climatic conditions are likely to exacerbate future migration flows.
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- Grant, Audra & Burger, Nicholas & Wodon, Quentin, 2014. "Climate-induced Migration in the MENA Region: Results from the Qualitative Fieldwork," MPRA Paper 56936, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- George Joseph & Quentin Wodon, 2013. "Is Internal Migration in Yemen Driven by Climate or Socio-economic Factors?," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 21(2), pages 295-310, 05.
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- Adoho, Franck & Wodon, Quentin, 2014. "How Do Households Cope with and Adapt to Climate Change in the MENA Region?," MPRA Paper 56934, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Joseph, George & Wodon, Quentin & Liverani, Andrea & Blankespoor, Brian, 2014. "Is Climate Change Likely to Lead to Higher Net Internal Migration? The Republic of Yemen’s Case," MPRA Paper 56937, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Cong Nguyen, Minh & Wodon, Quentin, 2014. "Extreme Weather Events and Migration: The Case of Morocco," MPRA Paper 56938, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- World Bank, 2010. "World Development Report 2010," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 4387.
- Cong Nguyen, Minh & Wodon, Quentin, 2014. "Weather Shocks, Impact on Households, and Ability to Recover in Morocco," MPRA Paper 56932, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Wodon, Quentin & Burger, Nicholas & Grant, Audra & Liverani, Andrea, 2014. "Climate Change, Migration, and Adaptation in the MENA Region," MPRA Paper 56927, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Quentin Wodon & Andrea Liverani & George Joseph & Nathalie Bougnoux, 2014. "Climate Change and Migration : Evidence from the Middle East and North Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 18929.
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