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On the tracks of Zimbabwe’s Hyperinflation: A Quantitative Investigation

  • Topal, yavuz Han
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    This paper primarily investigates and examines the relationship between money supply growth and inflation in Zimbabwe. The theoretical analysis is based on a modified form of the “Quantity Theory of Money” (QTM) - a theory developed in the classical equilibrium framework- illustrating the relationship between the money supply, velocity of money, the interest rate and the price level in the Zimbabwean economy using monthly data from 1995:1 to 2006:12. Understanding the causes and especially the effects of inflation can provide us with policy tools to attain price stability and economic growth. The analysis rests on an error correction version of the Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL) model that determines the short and the long-run trend in Zimbabwe’s inflation. The results show clearly that the main determinants of inflation in Zimbabwe are parallel market premium movements and especially the change in money supply growth. The lagged change in the 3-month-deposit rate, however, seems to have a positive effect on inflation in Zimbabwean. This anomaly could be explained by the manipulation of the Treasury bill market by the Zimbabwe government. Moreover, a Granger causality test indicates the direction of causality from money supply and parallel premium to inflation.

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/56117/1/MPRA_paper_56117.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 56117.

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    Date of creation: 25 Jan 2013
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:56117
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    1. Behzad T. Diba & Herschel I. Grossman, 1986. "Rational Inflationary Bubbles," NBER Working Papers 2004, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Thomas J. Sargent, 1976. "The demand for money during hyperinflations under rational expectations: II," Working Papers 60, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis.
    3. Christiano, Lawrence J, 1987. "Cagan's Model of Hyperinflation under Rational Expectations," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 28(1), pages 33-49, February.
    4. Engsted, Tom, 1994. "The Classic European Hyperinflations Revisited: Testing the Cagan Model Using a Cointegrated VAR Approach," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 61(243), pages 331-43, August.
    5. Goodfriend, Marvin S., 1982. "An alternate method of estimating the Cagan money demand function in hyperinflation under rational expectations," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(1), pages 43-57.
    6. Maurice Obstfeld & Kenneth Rogoff, 1981. "Speculative hyperinflations in a maximizing models: can we rule them out?," International Finance Discussion Papers 195, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    7. Michael, P & Nobay, A R & Peel, D A, 1994. "The German Hyperinflation and the Demand for Money Revisited," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 35(1), pages 1-22, February.
    8. Flood, Robert P. & Garber, Peter M. & Scott, Louis O., 1984. "Multi-country tests for price level bubbles," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 8(3), pages 329-340, December.
    9. Kingston, Geoffrey H., 1982. "The semi-log portfolio balance schedule is tenuous," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(3), pages 389-399.
    10. Engsted, Tom, 1993. "Cointegration and Cagan's Model of Hyperinflation under Rational Expectations," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 25(3), pages 350-60, August.
    11. Albert Makochekanwa, 2007. "A Dynamic Enquiry into the Causes of Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe," Working Papers 200710, University of Pretoria, Department of Economics.
    12. Taylor, Mark P, 1991. "The Hyperinflation Model of Money Demand Revisited," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 23(3), pages 327-51, August.
    13. Sargent, Thomas J & Wallace, Neil, 1973. "Rational Expectations and the Dynamics of Hyperinflation," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(2), pages 328-50, June.
    14. Casella, Alessandra, 1989. "Testing for rational bubbles with exogenous or endogenous fundamentals : The German hyperinflation once more," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 24(1), pages 109-122, July.
    15. M. Hashem Pesaran & Yongcheol Shin & Richard J. Smith, 2001. "Bounds testing approaches to the analysis of level relationships," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(3), pages 289-326.
    16. Atanas Christev, 2005. "The Hyperinflation Model of Money Demand (or Cagan Revisited): Some New Empirical Evidence from the 1990s," CERT Discussion Papers 0507, Centre for Economic Reform and Transformation, Heriot Watt University.
    17. Asilis, Carlos M & Honohan, Patrick & McNelis, Paul D, 1993. "Money Demand during Hyperinflation and Stabilization: Bolivia, 1980-88," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(2), pages 262-73, April.
    18. Frenkel, Jacob A. & Taylor, Mark P., 1993. "Money demand and inflation in Yugoslavia 1980-1989," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 455-481.
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