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The Role of Financial Development for Economic Growth in Caribbean Islands


  • Gordon, Leo-Rey


Aghion, Howitt and Mayer Foulkes postulate that one mechanism by which financial development enhances economic growth is by increasing a nation’s ability to obtain frontier technology, which then increases the rate at which productive activity expands. This study empirically tests this hypothesis for a sample of 12 small island open economies of the Caribbean between 1980 and 2004. Possible simultaneity in the relationship between financial development and economic growth is accounted for by introducing a new proxy for financial development, for which its determination is uncorrelated with economic growth. The results of the empirical analysis shows that financial development enhances economic growth in the Caribbean by increasing country’s steady state level of income per capita, and not by the mechanism put forward by Aghion, Howitt, and Mayer Foulkes (2006).

Suggested Citation

  • Gordon, Leo-Rey, 2009. "The Role of Financial Development for Economic Growth in Caribbean Islands," MPRA Paper 49566, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:49566

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Philippe Aghion & Diego Comin & Peter Howitt & Isabel Tecu, 2016. "When Does Domestic Savings Matter for Economic Growth?," IMF Economic Review, Palgrave Macmillan;International Monetary Fund, vol. 64(3), pages 381-407, August.
    2. Robert G. King & Ross Levine, 1993. "Finance and Growth: Schumpeter Might Be Right," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 108(3), pages 717-737.
    3. Felix Rioja & Neven Valev, 2004. "Finance and the Sources of Growth at Various Stages of Economic Development," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 42(1), pages 127-140, January.
    4. Ross Levine & Norman Loayza & Thorsten Beck, 2002. "Financial Intermediation and Growth: Causality and Causes," Central Banking, Analysis, and Economic Policies Book Series,in: Leonardo Hernández & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel & Norman Loayza (Series Editor) & Klaus Schmidt-Hebbel (Se (ed.), Banking, Financial Integration, and International Crises, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 2, pages 031-084 Central Bank of Chile.
    5. Douglas W. Diamond & Philip H. Dybvig, 2000. "Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Win, pages 14-23.
    6. de la Fuente, Angel & Marin, JoseMaria, 1996. "Innovation, bank monitoring, and endogenous financial development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 38(2), pages 269-301, October.
    7. Fiona Atkins & Derick Boyd, 1998. "Convergence and the Caribbean," International Review of Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 12(3), pages 381-396.
    8. Galindo, Arturo & Micco, Alejandro, 2004. "Do state owned banks promote growth? Cross-country evidence for manufacturing industries," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 84(3), pages 371-376, September.
    9. Allen, Franklin & Gale, Douglas, 1997. "Financial Markets, Intermediaries, and Intertemporal Smoothing," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 105(3), pages 523-546, June.
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    More about this item


    Financial Intermediaries; Economic Growth; Caribbean;

    JEL classification:

    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • N26 - Economic History - - Financial Markets and Institutions - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence


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