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Growth and Structure of Workforce in India : An Analysis of Census 2011 Data


  • Motkuri, Venkatanarayana
  • Veslawatha, Suresh Naik


Census 2011 brings new dimension to ongoing debate on the decline in the growth of employment from the last two decade. The census 2011 result gives better picture when compared with NSSO estimation of workforce. It is observed that there is a fast decelerating rate of growth in overall workforce, particularly that of females, between 2001 and 2011. But the work participation rate has not declined, if not increase, as the rate of growth in workforce is not less than that of population. Secondly, incremental workforce especially the male is getting reduced to marginal workers category whereas the high concentration of female in the category of marginal workers is slightly reduced. Occupational distribution of workforce shows that cultivators are declining such decline in agriculture is replaced by increasing agricultural labour. Growth of workforce in non-agriculture is higher than that of agriculture. Growth of female workers engaged in non-agriculture is higher than their male counterparts.

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  • Motkuri, Venkatanarayana & Veslawatha, Suresh Naik, 2013. "Growth and Structure of Workforce in India : An Analysis of Census 2011 Data," MPRA Paper 48003, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:48003

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Planning Commission, India, 2011. "Faster, Sustainable and More Inclusive Growth: An Approach to the 12th Five Year Plan," Working Papers id:4452, eSocialSciences.
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    More about this item


    Workforce; Growth of Employment; Work Participation; Occupational Distribution and Workforce in Non-Agriculture;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • J62 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Job, Occupational and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
    • Q1 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture

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