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Strukturelle Hemmnisse für den Ausbau der Kindertagesbetreuung in Deutschland
[Structural impediments to the enlargement and improvement of early childhood education and care services in Germany]


  • Egbert, Henrik
  • Andreas, Hildenbrand


In the recent years, the quantitative enlargement and qualitative improvement of early childhood education and care (ECEC) services have had a rather sluggish progress in Germany. On the basis of economic theories, we investigate the structure of the ECEC financing system and its incentives for the market participants. In particular, we address the recent political issue on the improvement of staff education and advanced training. We show that the present structure of financing ECEC together with the structures of the labor markets for qualified staff lack incentives to improve the quantity and the quality of ECEC services. The program for the enhancement of ECEC services recently published by the Federal Ministry of Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth tackles these problems only insufficiently.

Suggested Citation

  • Egbert, Henrik & Andreas, Hildenbrand, 2012. "Strukturelle Hemmnisse für den Ausbau der Kindertagesbetreuung in Deutschland
    [Structural impediments to the enlargement and improvement of early childhood education and care services in Germany]
    ," MPRA Paper 45626, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 28 Mar 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:45626

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Gary S. Becker, 1962. "Investment in Human Capital: A Theoretical Analysis," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 70, pages 1-9.
    2. Doyle, Orla & Harmon, Colm P. & Heckman, James J. & Tremblay, Richard E., 2009. "Investing in early human development: Timing and economic efficiency," Economics & Human Biology, Elsevier, vol. 7(1), pages 1-6, March.
    3. Laura-Christin Diekmann & Dominik Enste & Nicola Hülskamp, 2008. "Kita-Gutscheine: Für eine verbesserte Betreuung und Bildung," Wirtschaftsdienst, Springer;German National Library of Economics, vol. 88(10), pages 666-671, October.
    4. Egbert Henrik & Hildenbrand Andreas, 2012. "Der Coupon-Handelsansatz als Modell für eine subjektbezogene Finanzierung der Kinderbetreuung / The Coupon Trading Approach as a Model for a Subject-based Financing System of Early Childhood Education," Journal of Economics and Statistics (Jahrbuecher fuer Nationaloekonomie und Statistik), De Gruyter, vol. 232(2), pages 116-128, April.
    5. James J. Heckman & Dimitriy V. Masterov, 2007. "The Productivity Argument for Investing in Young Children," Review of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 29(3), pages 446-493.
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    More about this item


    Frühkindliche Betreuung; Bildung und Erziehung; FBBE; Kindertagesbetreuung; Finanzierung der Kindertagesbetreuung; Qualität des Personals;

    JEL classification:

    • D43 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Oligopoly and Other Forms of Market Imperfection
    • H75 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - State and Local Government: Health, Education, and Welfare
    • I22 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Educational Finance; Financial Aid

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