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« Brain drain » vs. « Brain gain » ? Division internationale des connaissances et promesses de co-développement
[“Brain drain” vs. “Brain gain”? International division of knowledge and promises of co-development]

Author

Listed:
  • DIANI, Morad
  • GHIFFI, Noufel

Abstract

In the past, the exodus of skills from the southern to the northern hemisphere was Heraclitean, permanent and irreversible, so it was often likened to a hemorrhage of brains and a bias to development. For a long time reduced to its pejorative connotation, this "brain drain" begins over the last two decades to include new realities of belonging to an international scientific community allowing reconnections and feedbacks. Through a prism of economics of knowledge, we propose in this paper to examine this transformation of the very nature of brain drain, synonymous to a new global economic win-win-win game.

Suggested Citation

  • DIANI, Morad & GHIFFI, Noufel, 2012. "« Brain drain » vs. « Brain gain » ? Division internationale des connaissances et promesses de co-développement
    [“Brain drain” vs. “Brain gain”? International division of knowledge and promises of
    ," MPRA Paper 44317, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:44317
    as

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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44317/1/MPRA_paper_44317.pdf
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    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/44323/1/MPRA_paper_44323.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Docquier, Frederic & Rapoport, Hillel, 2004. "Skilled migration: the perspective of developing countries," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3382, The World Bank.
    2. Michel Beine & Frédéric Docquier & Hillel Rapoport, 2007. "Measuring International Skilled Migration: A New Database Controlling for Age of Entry," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 21(2), pages 249-254, June.
    3. Everett Lee, 1966. "A theory of migration," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 3(1), pages 47-57, March.
    4. Newland, Kathleen, 2009. "Circular Migration and Human Development," MPRA Paper 19225, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Kathleen Newland, 2009. "Circular Migration and Human Development," Human Development Research Papers (2009 to present) HDRP-2009-42, Human Development Report Office (HDRO), United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), revised Oct 2009.
    6. Bouoiyour, jamal, 2006. "Migration, Diaspora et développement humain
      [Migration, Diaspora and Human Development]
      ," MPRA Paper 37014, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Brain drain; Brain gain; Triple win game;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • F66 - International Economics - - Economic Impacts of Globalization - - - Labor
    • J61 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Geographic Labor Mobility; Immigrant Workers

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