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The global financial crisis and indian banks: survival of the fittest?

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  • Eichengreen, Barry
  • Gupta, Poonam

Abstract

The Indian banking system was initially thought to be insulated from the global financial crisis owing to heavy public ownership and cautious management. It was thus a surprise when some banks experienced a deposit flight, as depositors shifted their money toward government-owned banks and specifically toward the State Bank of India, the largest public bank. While there was some tendency for depositors to favour healthier banks and the banks with more stable funding, the reallocation of deposits toward the State Bank of India in particular cannot be explained by these factors alone. Nor can it be explained by the impact of explicit capital injections by the government into some public-sector banks. Rather it appears that the implicit guarantee of the liabilities of the country’s largest public bank dominated other considerations.

Suggested Citation

  • Eichengreen, Barry & Gupta, Poonam, 2012. "The global financial crisis and indian banks: survival of the fittest?," MPRA Paper 43365, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43365
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Coleman, Nicholas & Feler, Leo, 2014. "Bank Ownership, Lending, and Local Economic Performance During the 2008-2010 Financial Crisis," International Finance Discussion Papers 1099, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
    2. Chava, Sudheer & Purnanandam, Amiyatosh, 2011. "The effect of banking crisis on bank-dependent borrowers," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(1), pages 116-135, January.
    3. Poonam Gupta & Kalpana Kochhar & Sanjaya Panth, 2015. "Bank ownership and the effects of financial liberalization: evidence from India," Indian Growth and Development Review, Emerald Group Publishing, vol. 8(1), pages 109-138, April.
    4. Ivashina, Victoria & Scharfstein, David, 2010. "Bank lending during the financial crisis of 2008," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 97(3), pages 319-338, September.
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    Keywords

    State-owned banks; banking and financial crises;

    JEL classification:

    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation
    • G20 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - General
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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