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Ensino superior e género: diplomados e mercado de trabalho
[Higher Education and Gender: Graduates and the labour market]


  • Baltazar, Maria da Saudade
  • Rego, Conceição
  • Caleiro, António


The employability of graduates remains a concern, most particularly at times like the present where the unemployment rate tends to rise, and that higher education graduates are facing greater difficulties in accessing the labour market in Europe. Notably, women are characterized by higher completion rates of higher education, yet they seem to have greater difficulties in entering the world of work. Assuming that policies to promote gender equality have been strengthened in recent years, with particular emphasis in the EU27, we face some revealing findings of gender differences in knowledge as well as in academic and career paths. Using the methodology of cluster analysis, the paper considers a comparative study in the EU27 countries, with the aim to disentangle factors with the greatest significance for understanding the forms of segregation in access to the labour market. The power relations underlying the gender issue as well as the product of collective work and continuous diffuse socialization in embodied habitus clearly differentiated, leads us to admit that the training areas preferentially chosen by women are those that denote lower demand in the labour market. This paper is included in the Project PTDC/CPE-PEC/103727/2008 - Rebuilding the Portuguese higher education system’s network: challenges from demographics, economic growth and regional cohesion.

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  • Baltazar, Maria da Saudade & Rego, Conceição & Caleiro, António, 2012. "Ensino superior e género: diplomados e mercado de trabalho
    [Higher Education and Gender: Graduates and the labour market]
    ," MPRA Paper 40709, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:40709

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Daniel Felsenstein, 1996. "The University in the Metropolitan Arena: Impacts and Public Policy Implications," Urban Studies, Urban Studies Journal Limited, vol. 33(9), pages 1565-1580, November.
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    More about this item


    Higher Education; Europe; Gender Equality; Labour Market;

    JEL classification:

    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
    • A23 - General Economics and Teaching - - Economic Education and Teaching of Economics - - - Graduate
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • C31 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models; Quantile Regressions; Social Interaction Models
    • J7 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination

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