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Push and pull forces and migration in Vietnam


  • Huynh Truong, Huy
  • Walter, Nonneman


This paper adopts the push and pull model of migration to explain inter-provincial migration flows across 63 provinces or cities of Vietnam in the period 2004-2009. We used a solution to a quadratic cost migration problem by combining the total number of in and out-migration of various provinces and inverse distances between provinces that aims at calculating the push and pull factors of each province. The result confirms the hypothesis that push factors correlate well with total out flows of provinces and pull factors with total inflows of provinces. In addition, it is found that pull and push factors are explained rather well by population size and income, but not so by urbanization and poverty

Suggested Citation

  • Huynh Truong, Huy & Walter, Nonneman, 2012. "Push and pull forces and migration in Vietnam," MPRA Paper 39559, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:39559

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Katz, Eliakim & Stark, Oded, 1986. "Labor mobility under asymmetric information with moving and signalling costs," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 21(1), pages 89-94.
    2. Stark, Oded & Bloom, David E, 1985. "The New Economics of Labor Migration," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 75(2), pages 173-178, May.
    3. Stark, Oded & Yitzhaki, Shlomo, 1988. "Labour Migration as a Response to Relative Deprivation," MPRA Paper 21670, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Faini, Riccardo & Venturini, Alessandra, 1994. "Migration and Growth: The Experience of Southern Europe," CEPR Discussion Papers 964, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. Coxhead, Ian & Vu, Linh & Nguyen, Cuong, 2016. "Migration in Vietnam: New Evidence from Recent Surveys," MPRA Paper 70217, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    push factors; pull factors; migration; distance;

    JEL classification:

    • C00 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - General - - - General
    • J00 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - General - - - General

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